Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-K

 

 

(Mark One)

x Annual Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2013

or

 

¨ Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

Commission File Number 1-34073

 

 

Huntington Bancshares Incorporated

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Maryland   31-0724920

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

41 S. High Street, Columbus, Ohio   43287
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code (614) 480-8300

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of class

 

Name of exchange on which registered

8.50% Series A non-voting, perpetual convertible preferred stock   NASDAQ
Common Stock—Par Value $0.01 per Share   NASDAQ

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

Title of class

Floating Rate Series B Non-Cumulative Perpetual Preferred Stock

 

 

Depositary Shares (each representing a 1/40th interest in a share of Floating Rate Series B Non-Cumulative Perpetual Preferred Stock)

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Exchange Act.     x     Yes   ¨      No

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the
Act.     ¨     Yes   x      No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     x     Yes   ¨     No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).   x     Yes   ¨     No

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.   x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definition of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer   x    Accelerated filer   ¨
Non-accelerated filer   ¨   (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    Smaller reporting company   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act)   ¨     Yes   x     No

The aggregate market value of voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the registrant as of June 30, 2013, determined by using a per share closing price of $7.87, as quoted by NASDAQ on that date, was $6,352,754,308. As of January 31, 2014, there were 831,214,839 shares of common stock with a par value of $0.01 outstanding.

Documents Incorporated By Reference

Part III of this Form 10-K incorporates by reference certain information from the registrant’s definitive Proxy Statement for the 2014 Annual Shareholders’ Meeting.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

HUNTINGTON BANCSHARES INCORPORATED

INDEX

 

Part I.   
Item 1.   

Business

     5   
Item 1A.   

Risk Factors

     14   
Item 1B.   

Unresolved Staff Comments

     19   
Item 2.   

Properties

     19   
Item 3.   

Legal Proceedings

     19   
Item 4.   

Mine Safety Disclosures

     19   
Part II.      
Item 5.   

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Shareholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

     20   
Item 6.   

Selected Financial Data

     22   
Item 7.   

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

     24   
  

Introduction

     24   
  

Executive Overview

     24   
  

Discussion of Results of Operations

     28   
  

Risk Management and Capital:

     37   
  

Credit Risk

     38   
  

Market Risk

     52   
  

Liquidity Risk

     53   
  

Operational Risk

     60   
  

Compliance Risk

     61   
  

Capital

     61   
  

Business Segment Discussion

     63   
  

Additional Disclosures

     82   
Item 7A.   

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

     88   
Item 8.   

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

     88   
Item 9.   

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

     179   
Item 9A.   

Controls and Procedures

     179   
Item 9B.   

Other Information

     179   
Part III.      
Item 10.   

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

     179   
Item 11.   

Executive Compensation

     179   
Item 12.   

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

     180   
Item 13.   

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

     180   
Item 14.   

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

     180   
Part IV.      
Item 15.   

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

     181   
Signatures      182   

 

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Glossary of Acronyms and Terms

The following listing provides a comprehensive reference of common acronyms and terms used throughout the document:

 

ABL    Asset Based Lending
ACL    Allowance for Credit Losses
AFCRE    Automobile Finance and Commercial Real Estate
AFS    Available-for-Sale
ALCO    Asset-Liability Management Committee
ALLL    Allowance for Loan and Lease Losses
ARM    Adjustable Rate Mortgage
ASC    Accounting Standards Codification
ASU    Accounting Standards Update
ATM    Automated Teller Machine
AULC    Allowance for Unfunded Loan Commitments
AVM    Automated Valuation Methodology
Basel III    Refers to the final rule issued by the FRB and OCC and published in the Federal Register on October 11, 2013
BHC    Bank Holding Companies
C&I    Commercial and Industrial
CapPR    Federal Reserve Board’s Capital Plan Review
CCAR    Comprehensive Capital Analysis and Review
CDO    Collateralized Debt Obligations
CDs    Certificate of Deposit
CFPB    Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection
CMO    Collateralized Mortgage Obligations
CRE    Commercial Real Estate
Dodd-Frank Act    Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act
EPS    Earnings Per Share
ERISA    Employee Retirement Income Security Act
EVE    Economic Value of Equity
Fannie Mae    (see FNMA)
FASB    Financial Accounting Standards Board
FDIC    Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
FDICIA    Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Improvement Act of 1991
FHA    Federal Housing Administration
FHFA    Federal Housing Finance Agency
FHLB    Federal Home Loan Bank
FHLMC    Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation
FICA    Federal Insurance Contributions Act
FICO    Fair Isaac Corporation
FNMA    Federal National Mortgage Association
FRB    Federal Reserve Bank
Freddie Mac    (see FHLMC)
FTE    Fully-Taxable Equivalent
FTP    Funds Transfer Pricing
GAAP    Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in the United States of America
HAMP    Home Affordable Modification Program

 

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HARP    Home Affordable Refinance Program
HTM    Held-to-Maturity
IRC    Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended
IRS    Internal Revenue Service
ISE    Interest Sensitive Earnings
LCR    Liquidity Coverage Ratio
LIBOR    London Interbank Offered Rate
LGD    Loss-Given-Default
LTV    Loan to Value
MD&A    Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
MSA    Metropolitan Statistical Area
MSR    Mortgage Servicing Rights
NALs    Nonaccrual Loans
NAV    Net Asset Value
NCO    Net Charge-off
NIM    Net interest margin
NCUA    National Credit Union Administration
NPAs    Nonperforming Assets
NPR    Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
N.R.    Not relevant. Denominator of calculation is a gain in the current period compared with a loss in the prior period, or vice-versa
NSF / OD    Nonsufficient Funds and Overdraft
OCC    Office of the Comptroller of the Currency
OCI    Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
OCR    Optimal Customer Relationship
OLEM    Other Loans Especially Mentioned
OREO    Other Real Estate Owned
OTTI    Other-Than-Temporary Impairment
PD    Probability-Of-Default
Plan    Huntington Bancshares Retirement Plan
Problem Loans    Includes nonaccrual loans and leases (Table 13), troubled debt restructured loans (Table 15), and accruing loans and leases past due 90 days or more (Table 14)
REIT    Real Estate Investment Trust
Reg E    Regulation E, of the Electronic Fund Transfer Act
ROC    Risk Oversight Committee
SAD    Special Assets Division
SBA    Small Business Administration
SEC    Securities and Exchange Commission
SERP    Supplemental Executive Retirement Plan
Sky Financial    Sky Financial Group, Inc.
SRIP    Supplemental Retirement Income Plan
TARP    Troubled Asset Relief Program
TARP Capital    Series B Preferred Stock, repurchased in 2010
TCE    Tangible Common Equity
TDR    Troubled Debt Restructured loan
TLGP    Temporary Liquidity Guarantee Program
U.S. Treasury    U.S. Department of the Treasury
UCS    Uniform Classification System
UPB    Unpaid Principal Balance
USDA    U.S. Department of Agriculture
VA    U.S. Department of Veteran Affairs
VIE    Variable Interest Entity
WGH    Wealth Advisors, Government Finance, and Home Lending

 

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Huntington Bancshares Incorporated

PART I

When we refer to “we,” “our,” and “us” in this report, we mean Huntington Bancshares Incorporated and our consolidated subsidiaries, unless the context indicates that we refer only to the parent company, Huntington Bancshares Incorporated. When we refer to the “Bank” in this report, we mean our only bank subsidiary, The Huntington National Bank, and its subsidiaries.

Item 1: Business

We are a multi-state diversified regional bank holding company organized under Maryland law in 1966 and headquartered in Columbus, Ohio. We have 11,964 average full-time equivalent employees. Through the Bank, we have 148 years of serving the financial needs of our customers. We provide full-service commercial, small business, consumer banking services, mortgage banking services, automobile financing, equipment leasing, investment management, trust services, brokerage services, insurance programs, and other financial products and services. The Bank, organized in 1866, is our only bank subsidiary. At December 31, 2013, the Bank had 16 wealth management offices and 695 branches as follows:

 

 

•   403 branches in Ohio

 

•   45 branches in Indiana

  
 

•   155 branches in Michigan

 

•   30 branches in West Virginia

  
 

•   51 branches in Pennsylvania

 

•   11 branches in Kentucky

  

Select financial services and other activities are also conducted in various other states. International banking services are available through the headquarters office in Columbus, Ohio, a limited purpose office located in the Cayman Islands, and another located in Hong Kong. Our foreign banking activities, in total or with any individual country, are not significant.

Our business segments are based on our internally-aligned segment leadership structure, which is how we monitor results and assess performance. For each of our four business segments, we expect the combination of our business model and exceptional service to provide a competitive advantage that supports revenue and earnings growth. Our business model emphasizes the delivery of a complete set of banking products and services offered by larger banks, but distinguished by local delivery and customer service.

A key strategic emphasis has been for our business segments to operate in cooperation to provide products and services to our customers and to build stronger and more profitable relationships using our OCR sales and service process. The objectives of OCR are to:

 

  1. Provide a consultative sales approach to provide solutions that are specific to each customer.

 

  2. Leverage each business segment in terms of its products and expertise to benefit customers.

 

  3. Target prospects who may want to have multiple products and services as part of their relationship with us.

Following is a description of our four business segments and Treasury / Other function:

 

   

Retail and Business Banking – This segment provides a wide array of financial products and services to consumer and small business customers including but not limited to checking accounts, savings accounts, money market accounts, certificates of deposit, consumer loans, and small business loans and leases. Other financial services available to consumer and small business customers include investments, insurance services, interest rate risk protection products, foreign exchange hedging, and treasury management services. We serve customers primarily through our network of traditional branches in Ohio, Michigan, Pennsylvania, Indiana, West Virginia, and Kentucky. We also have branches located in grocery stores in Ohio and Michigan. In addition to our extensive branch network, customers can access Huntington through online banking, mobile banking, telephone banking, and ATMs.

We established a “Fair Play” banking philosophy and built a reputation for meeting the banking needs of consumers in a manner which makes them feel supported and appreciated. We believe customers are recognizing this and other efforts as key differentiators and it is earning us more customers and deeper relationships.

Business Banking is a dynamic and growing part of our business and we are committed to being the bank of choice for small businesses in our markets. Business Banking is defined as companies with revenues up to $25 million and consists of approximately 163,000 businesses. We continue to develop products and services that are designed specifically to meet the needs of small business. We continue to look for ways to help companies find solutions to their capital needs.

 

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Regional and Commercial Banking – This segment provides a wide array of products and services to the middle market and large corporate customers located primarily within our eleven regional commercial banking markets. Products and services are delivered through a relationship banking model and include commercial lending, as well as depository and liquidity management products. Dedicated teams collaborate with our relationship bankers to deliver complex and customized treasury management solutions, equipment leasing, international services, capital markets services such as interest rate risk protection products, foreign exchange hedging and sales, trading of securities, and employee benefit programs (insurance, 401(k)). The Commercial Banking team specializes in serving a number of industry segments such as not-for-profit organizations, health-care entities, and large publicly-traded companies.

 

   

Automobile Finance and Commercial Real Estate – This segment provides lending and other banking products and services to customers outside of our normal retail and commercial banking segments. Our products and services include financing for the purchase of automobiles by customers at automotive dealerships, financing the acquisition of new and used vehicle inventory of automotive dealerships, and financing for land, buildings, and other commercial real estate owned or constructed by real estate developers, automobile dealerships, or other customers with real estate project financing needs. Products and services are delivered through highly specialized relationship-focused bankers and product partners. Huntington creates well-defined relationship plans which identify needs where solutions are developed and customer commitments are obtained.

The Automotive Finance team services automobile dealerships, its owners, and consumers buying automobiles through these dealerships. Huntington has provided new and used automobile financing and dealer services throughout the Midwest since the early 1950s. This consistency in the market and our focus on working with strong dealerships, has allowed us to expand into selected markets outside of the Midwest and to actively deepen relationships while building a strong reputation.

The Commercial Real Estate team serves real estate developers, REITs, and other customers with lending needs that are secured by commercial properties. Most of our customers are located within our footprint.

 

   

Wealth Advisors, Government Finance, and Home Lending – This segment consists of our wealth management, government banking, and home lending businesses. In wealth management, Huntington provides financial services to high net worth clients in our primary banking markets and Florida. Huntington provides these services through a unified sales team, which consists of private bankers, trust officers, and investment advisors. Aligned with the eleven regional commercial banking markets, this coordinated service model delivers products and services directly and through the other segment product partners. A fundamental point of differentiation is our commitment to be in the market, working closely with clients and their other advisors to identify needs, offer solutions and provide ongoing advice in an optimal client experience.

The Government Finance Group provides financial products and services to government and other public sector entities in our primary banking markets. A locally based team of relationship managers works with clients to meet their trust, lending, and treasury management needs. Closely aligned, our Community Development group serves an important role as it focuses on delivering on our commitment to the communities Huntington serves.

Home Lending originates and services consumer loans and mortgages for customers who are generally located in our primary banking markets. Consumer and mortgage lending products are primarily distributed through the Retail and Business Banking segment, as well as through commissioned loan originators.

The segment also includes the related businesses of investment management, investment servicing, custody, corporate trust, and retirement plan services. Huntington Asset Advisors provides investment management services through a variety of internal and external channels, including advising the Huntington Funds, our proprietary family of mutual funds and Huntington Strategy Shares, our actively-managed exchange-traded funds. Huntington Asset Services offers administrative and operational support to fund complexes, including fund accounting, transfer agency, administration, and distribution services. Our retirement plan services business offers fully bundled and third party distribution of a variety of qualified and non-qualified plan solutions.

Treasury / Other function includes our insurance brokerage business, which specializes in commercial property and casualty, employee benefits, personal lines, life and disability and specialty lines of insurance. We also provide brokerage and agency services for residential and commercial title insurance and excess and surplus product lines of insurance. As an agent and broker we do not assume underwriting risks; instead we provide our customers with quality, noninvestment insurance contracts. The Treasury / Other function also includes technology and operations, other unallocated assets, liabilities, revenue, and expense.

The financial results for each of these business segments are included in Note 25 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements and are discussed in the Business Segment Discussion of our MD&A. We recently announced a reorganization among our executive leadership team, which will become effective during the 2014 first quarter. As a result, management is currently evaluating the business segment structure which will impact how we monitor future results and assess performance.

 

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Competition

We compete with other banks and financial services companies such as savings and loans, credit unions, and finance and trust companies, as well as mortgage banking companies, automobile and equipment financing companies (including captive automobile finance companies), insurance companies, mutual funds, investment advisors, and brokerage firms, both within and outside of our primary market areas. Internet companies are also providing nontraditional, but increasingly strong, competition for our borrowers, depositors, and other customers.

We compete for loans primarily on the basis of a combination of value and service by building customer relationships as a result of addressing our customers’ entire suite of banking needs, demonstrating expertise, and providing convenience to our customers. We also consider the competitive pricing pressures in each of our markets.

We compete for deposits similarly on a basis of a combination of value and service and by providing convenience through a banking network of branches and ATMs within our markets and our website at www.huntington.com. We have also instituted customer friendly practices, such as our 24-Hour Grace ® account feature, which gives customers an additional business day to cover overdrafts to their consumer account without being charged overdraft fees.

The table below shows our competitive ranking and market share based on deposits of FDIC-insured institutions as of June 30, 2013, in the top 10 metropolitan statistical areas (MSA) in which we compete:

 

MSA    Rank      Deposits (in
millions)
     Market Share  

Columbus, OH

     1       $ 14,436         28

Detroit, MI

     7         4,478         5   

Cleveland, OH

     4         4,261         8   

Indianapolis, IN

     4         2,859         8   

Pittsburgh, PA

     8         2,512         3   

Cincinnati, OH

     4         2,109         3   

Youngstown, OH

     1         2,082         23   

Toledo, OH

     2         2,045         22   

Grand Rapids, MI

     3         1,855         11   

Canton, OH

     2         1,494         25   

Source: FDIC.gov , based on June 30, 2013 survey.

Many of our nonfinancial institution competitors have fewer regulatory constraints, broader geographic service areas, greater capital, and, in some cases, lower cost structures. In addition, competition for quality customers has intensified as a result of changes in regulation, advances in technology and product delivery systems, consolidation among financial service providers, bank failures, and the conversion of certain former investment banks to bank holding companies.

Regulatory Matters

We are subject to regulation by the SEC, the Federal Reserve, the OCC, the CFPB, and other federal and state regulators.

Because we are a public company, we are subject to regulation by the SEC. The SEC has established five categories of issuers for the purpose of filing periodic and annual reports. Under these regulations, we are considered to be a large accelerated filer and, as such, must comply with SEC accelerated reporting requirements.

We are a bank holding company and are qualified as a financial holding company with the Federal Reserve. We are subject to examination and supervision by the Federal Reserve pursuant to the Bank Holding Company Act. We are required to file reports and other information regarding our business operations and the business operations of our subsidiaries with the Federal Reserve.

 

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The Federal Reserve maintains a bank holding company rating system that emphasizes risk management, introduces a framework for analyzing and rating financial factors, and provides a framework for assessing and rating the potential impact of non-depository entities of a holding company on its subsidiary depository institution(s). The ratings assigned to us, like those assigned to other financial institutions, are confidential and may not be disclosed, except to the extent required by law.

The Federal Reserve utilizes an updated framework for the consolidated supervision of large financial institutions, including bank holding companies with consolidated assets of $50 billion or more. The objectives of the framework are to enhance the resilience of a firm, lower the probability of its failure, and reduce the impact on the financial system in the event of an institution’s failure. With regard to resiliency, each firm is expected to ensure that the consolidated organization and its core business lines can survive under a broad range of internal or external stresses. This requires financial resilience by maintaining sufficient capital and liquidity, and operational resilience by maintaining effective corporate governance, risk management, and recovery planning. With respect to lowering the probability of failure, each firm is expected to ensure the sustainability of its critical operations and banking offices under a broad range of internal or external stresses. This requires, among other things, effective resolution planning that addresses the complexity and the interconnectivity of the firm’s operations.

The Bank, which is chartered by the OCC, is a national bank and our only bank subsidiary. It is subject to examination and supervision by the OCC and also by the CFPB, which was established by the Dodd-Frank Act in 2010. Our nonbank subsidiaries are also subject to examination and supervision by the Federal Reserve or, in the case of nonbank subsidiaries of the Bank, by the OCC. All subsidiaries are subject to examination and supervision by the CFPB to the extent they offer any consumer financial products or services. Our subsidiaries are subject to examination by other federal and state agencies, including, in the case of certain securities and investment management activities, regulation by the SEC and the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority.

The Bank is subject to affiliate transaction restrictions under federal law, which limit certain transactions generally involving the transfer of funds by a bank or its subsidiaries to its parent corporation or any nonbank subsidiary of its parent corporation, whether in the form of loans, extensions of credit, investments, or asset purchases, or otherwise undertaking certain obligations on behalf of such affiliates. See also the Volcker Rule discussion below for additional affiliate transaction restrictions.

Legislative and regulatory reforms continue to have significant impacts throughout the financial services industry.

The Dodd-Frank Act, enacted in 2010, is complex and broad in scope and several of its provisions are still being implemented. The Dodd-Frank Act established the CFPB, which has extensive regulatory and enforcement powers over consumer financial products and services, and the Financial Stability Oversight Council, which has oversight authority for monitoring and regulating systemic risk. In addition, the Dodd-Frank Act altered the authority and duties of the federal banking and securities regulatory agencies, implemented certain corporate governance requirements for all public companies including financial institutions with regard to executive compensation, proxy access by shareholders, and certain whistleblower provisions, and restricted certain proprietary trading and hedge fund and private equity activities of banks and their affiliates. The Dodd-Frank Act also required the issuance of numerous implementing regulations, many of which have not yet been issued. The regulations will continue to take effect over several more years, continuing to make it difficult to anticipate the overall impact to us, our customers, or the financial industry in general.

In mid-January 2013, the CFPB issued eight final regulations governing mainly consumer mortgage lending. The first of these rules was issued on January 10, 2013, and included the ability to repay and qualified mortgage rule. This rule imposes additional requirements on lenders, including rules designed to require lenders to ensure borrowers’ ability to repay their mortgage and took effect January 10, 2014. The same day, the CFPB also finalized a rule on escrow accounts for higher priced mortgage loans and a rule expanding the scope of the high-cost mortgage provision in the Truth in Lending Act. On January 17, 2013, the CFPB issued its final rules implementing provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act that relate to mortgage servicing, which took effect on January 10, 2014. On January 18, 2013, the CFPB issued a final appraisal rule under the Equal Credit Opportunity Act and six agencies including the CFPB, FRB, OCC, FDIC, NCUA, and FHFA issued an interagency rule on appraisals for higher-priced mortgage loans. On November 20, 2013, the CFPB issued its final rule on integrated mortgage disclosures under the Truth in Lending Act and the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act, for which compliance is required by August 1, 2015. We are evaluating these integrated mortgage disclosure rules to determine their impact on the Bank and its affiliates.

During the 2013 first quarter, the CFPB provided guidance on fair lending practices to indirect automobile lenders with recommendations to ensure compliance with fair lending laws.

Recently, banking regulatory agencies have increasingly used a general consumer protection statute to address unethical or otherwise bad business practices that may not necessarily fall directly under the purview of a specific banking or consumer finance law. Prior to the Dodd-Frank Act, there was little formal guidance to provide insight to the parameters for compliance with the “unfair or deceptive acts or practices” (UDAP) law. However, the UDAP provisions have been expanded under the Dodd-Frank Act to apply to “unfair, deceptive or abusive acts or practices”, which has been delegated to the CFPB for supervision.

 

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Large bank holding companies and national banks are required to submit annual capital plans to the Federal Reserve and OCC, respectively and conduct stress tests.

The Federal Reserve published final amendments to Regulation Y to require large bank holding companies to submit capital plans to the Federal Reserve on an annual basis and to require such bank holding companies to obtain approval from the Federal Reserve under certain circumstances before making a capital distribution. This rule applies to us and all other bank holding companies with $50 billion or more of total consolidated assets.

A large bank holding company’s capital plan must include an assessment of the expected uses and sources of capital over at least the next nine quarters, a description of all planned capital actions over the planning horizon, a detailed description of the entity’s process for assessing capital adequacy, the entity’s capital policy, and a discussion of any expected changes to the banking holding company’s business plan that are likely to have a material impact on the firm’s capital adequacy or liquidity. The planning horizon for the most recent capital planning and stress testing cycle encompasses the 2013 fourth quarter through the 2015 fourth quarter as was submitted in our capital plan in January 2014. Rules to implement the Basel III capital reforms in the United States were finalized in July 2013, and will be phased-in beginning in 2015 for us under the standardized approach. As such, the most recent CCAR cycle, which began October 1, 2013, overlaps with the implementation of the Basel III capital reforms based on the required nine quarter projection horizon. The interim final rules clarify that banking organizations with $50 billion or more in total consolidated assets, including us, must incorporate the revised capital framework into the capital planning projections and into the stress tests required under the Dodd-Frank Act. The rule also clarifies that for the upcoming cycle, capital adequacy at large banking organizations, including us, would continue to be assessed against a minimum 5 percent tier 1 common ratio as calculated by the Federal Reserve.

Capital plans for 2014 were required to be submitted by January 6, 2014. The Federal Reserve will either object to a capital plan, in whole or in part, or provide a notice of non-objection no later than March 31, 2014, for plans submitted by the January 6, 2014 submission date. If the Federal Reserve objects to a capital plan, the bank holding company may not make any capital distributions other than those with respect to which the Federal Reserve has indicated its non-objection. While we can give no assurances as to the outcome or specific interactions with the regulators, based on the Capital Plan we submitted on January 5, 2014, we believe we have a strong capital position and that our capital adequacy process is robust.

In addition to the CCAR submission, section 165 of the Dodd-Frank Act requires that national banks, like The Huntington National Bank, conduct annual stress tests for submission in January 2014. The results of the stress tests will provide the OCC with forward-looking information that will be used in bank supervision and will assist the agency in assessing a company’s risk profile and capital adequacy. We submitted our stress test results to the OCC on January 6, 2014.

The regulatory capital rules indicate that common stockholders’ equity should be the dominant element within Tier 1 capital and that banking organizations should avoid overreliance on non-common equity elements. Under the Dodd-Frank Act, the ratio of Tier 1 common equity to risk-weighted assets became significant as a measurement of the predominance of common equity in Tier 1 capital and an indication of the quality of capital.

Final rules have been issued to implement the Volcker Rule.

On December 10, 2013, the Federal Reserve, the OCC, the FDIC, the CFTC and the SEC issued final rules to implement the Volcker Rule contained in section 619 of the Dodd-Frank Act, generally to become effective on July 21, 2015. The Volcker Rule prohibits an insured depository institution and its affiliates (referred to as “banking entities”) from: (i) engaging in “proprietary trading” and (ii) investing in or sponsoring certain types of funds (“covered funds”) subject to certain limited exceptions. These prohibitions impact the ability of U.S. banking entities to provide investment management products and services that are competitive with nonbanking firms generally and with non-U.S. banking organizations in overseas markets. The rule also effectively prohibits short-term trading strategies by any U.S. banking entity if those strategies involve instruments other than those specifically permitted for trading.

The final Volcker Rule regulations do provide certain exemptions allowing banking entities to continue underwriting, market-making and hedging activities and trading certain government obligations, as well as various exemptions and exclusions from the definition of “covered funds”. The level of required compliance activity depends on the size of the banking entity and the extent of its trading. CEOs of larger banking entities, including Huntington, will have to attest annually in writing that their organization has in place processes to establish, maintain, enforce, review, test and modify compliance with the Volcker Rule regulations. Banking entities with significant permitted trading operations will have to report certain quantitative information, beginning between June 30, 2014 and December 31, 2016, depending on the size of the banking entity’s trading assets and liabilities.

On January 14, 2014, the five federal agencies approved an interim final rule to permit banking entities to retain interests in certain collateralized debt obligations backed primarily by trust preferred securities from the investment prohibitions of the Volcker Rule. Under the interim final rule, the agencies permit the retention of an interest in or sponsorship of covered funds by banking entities if certain qualifications are met. In addition, the agencies released a non-exclusive list of issuers that meet the requirements of

 

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the interim final rule. At December 31, 2013, we had investments in ten different pools of trust preferred securities. Eight of our pools are included in the list of non-exclusive issuers. We have analyzed the other two pools that were not included on the list and believe that we will continue to be able to own these investments under the final Volcker Rule regulations.

The rules effecting debit card interchange fees under the Durbin Amendment, which became effective on October 1, 2011, have negatively impacted our electronic banking income.

The Durbin Amendment, which was section 1075 of the Dodd-Frank Act, required the Federal Reserve to establish a cap on the rate merchants pay banks for electronic clearing of debit transactions (i.e. the interchange rate). The Federal Reserve issued final rules, effective October 1, 2011, for establishing standards, including a cap, for debit card interchange fees and prohibiting network exclusivity arrangements and routing restrictions. The final rule established standards for assessing whether debit card interchange fees received by debit card issuers were reasonable and proportional to the costs incurred by issuers for electronic debit transactions. Under the final rule, the maximum permissible interchange fee that an issuer may receive for an electronic debit transaction is the sum of 21 cents per transaction, a 1 cent fraud prevention adjustment, and 5 basis points multiplied by the value of the transaction. As a result of implementing this lower debit card interchange fee structure, our electronic banking income was negatively impacted by over $55 million in 2012 when compared to 2011.

On July 31, 2013, the Federal District Court in the District of Columbia issued a ruling in a lawsuit filed by a merchant group challenging the validity of the Federal Reserve’s final rule under the Durbin Amendment. The Court ruling vacated the provisions of the Federal Reserve’s final rule relating to standards for debit card interchange fees and the provision dealing with network non-exclusivity, but stayed its action until further briefing on issues identified by the Court. Eventually, the District Court’s Ruling was appealed to the Federal Circuit Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia, where the case is currently pending. If the Court of Appeals rules in favor of the merchants, the Federal Reserve will likely be required to provide even more stringent caps on debit interchange fees, which could adversely impact all banks that issue debit cards, including us, and which could result in an industry-wide retraction of debit card products and replacement with other card products not subject to the Durbin Amendment. The Federal Reserve and a banking trade organization are submitting briefs arguing that the Court of Appeals should overrule the District Court and uphold the Federal Reserve’s final rule under the Durbin Amendment. Oral argument before the Court of Appeals was held on January 17, 2014, and an expedited ruling is anticipated.

There are restrictions on our ability to pay dividends.

Dividends from the Bank to the parent company are the primary source of funds for payment of dividends to our shareholders. However, there are statutory limits on the amount of dividends that the Bank can pay to the holding company. Regulatory approval is required prior to the declaration of any dividends in an amount greater than its undivided profits or if the total of all dividends declared in a calendar year would exceed the total of its net income for the year combined with its retained net income for the two preceding years, less any required transfers to surplus or common stock. As a result of the deficit position of its undivided profits, prior to December 31, 2013, the Bank could not have declared and paid any cash dividends to the parent company without regulatory approval.

Since the first quarter of 2008, the Bank has made a capital reduction each quarter to enable payment of periodic dividends to shareholders outside the Bank’s consolidated group on preferred and common stock of its REIT and capital financing subsidiaries. We anticipate that those subsidiaries, and the Bank will be able to resume normal dividend payments during the first half of 2014.

If, in the opinion of the applicable regulatory authority, a bank under its jurisdiction is engaged in, or is about to engage in, an unsafe or unsound practice, such authority may require, after notice and hearing, that such bank cease and desist from such practice. Depending on the financial condition of the Bank, the applicable regulatory authority might deem us to be engaged in an unsafe or unsound practice if the Bank were to pay dividends. The Federal Reserve and the OCC have issued policy statements that provide that insured banks and bank holding companies should generally only pay dividends out of current operating earnings. Additionally, the Federal Reserve may prohibit bank holding companies from making any capital distributions, including payment of preferred and common dividends, if the Federal Reserve objects to the annual capital plan.

We are subject to the current capital requirements mandated by the Federal Reserve and final capital rules to implement Basel III that were adopted in July 2013.

The Federal Reserve sets risk-based capital ratio and leverage ratio guidelines for bank holding companies. Under the guidelines and related policies, bank holding companies must maintain capital sufficient to meet both a risk-based asset ratio test and a leverage ratio test on a consolidated basis. The risk-based ratio is determined by allocating assets and specified off-balance sheet commitments into four weighted categories, with higher weighting assigned to categories perceived as representing greater risk. The risk-based ratio represents total capital divided by total risk-weighted assets. The leverage ratio is core capital divided by total assets adjusted as specified in the guidelines. The Bank is subject to substantially similar capital requirements.

 

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On July 2, 2013, the Federal Reserve voted to adopt final capital rules implementing Basel III requirements for U.S. Banking organizations. The final rules establish an integrated regulatory capital framework and will implement in the United States the Basel III regulatory capital reforms from the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision and certain changes required by the Dodd-Frank Act. Under the final rule, minimum requirements will increase for both the quantity and quality of capital held by banking organizations. Consistent with the international Basel framework, the final rule includes a new minimum ratio of common equity tier 1 capital (Tier I Common) to risk-weighted assets and a Tier 1 Common capital conservation buffer of 2.5% of risk-weighted assets that will apply to all supervised financial institutions. The rule also raises the minimum ratio of tier 1 capital to risk-weighted assets and includes a minimum leverage ratio of 4% for all banking organizations. These new minimum capital ratios will become effective for us on January 1, 2015, and will be fully phased-in on January 1, 2019.

Following are the Basel III regulatory capital levels that we must satisfy to avoid limitations on capital distributions and discretionary bonus payments during the applicable transition period, from January 1, 2015 until January 1, 2019:

 

     Basel III Regulatory Capital Levels  
     January 1,
2015
    January 1,
2016
    January 1,
2017
    January 1,
2018
    January 1,
2019
 

Tier 1 Common

     4.5     5.125     5.75     6.375     7.0

Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio

     6.0     6.625     7.25     7.875     8.5

Total risk-based capital ratio

     8.0     8.625     9.25     9.875     10.5

The final rule emphasizes Tier 1 Common capital, the most loss-absorbing form of capital, and implements strict eligibility criteria for regulatory capital instruments. The final rule also improves the methodology for calculating risk-weighted assets to enhance risk sensitivity. Banks and regulators use risk weighting to assign different levels of risk to different classes of assets.

We have evaluated the impact of the Basel III final rule on our regulatory capital ratios and estimate a reduction of approximately 60 basis points to our Basel I Tier I Common risk-based capital ratio based on our June 30, 2013 balance sheet composition. The estimate is based on management’s current interpretation, expectations, and understanding of the final U.S. Basel III rules. We anticipate that our capital ratios, on a Basel III basis, will continue to exceed the well capitalized minimum capital requirements. We are evaluating options to mitigate the capital impact of the final rule prior to its effective implementation date.

Based on our review of the Basel III final rule, it is likely that when Basel III becomes effective, the HPCI Class C preferred securities will no longer constitute Tier 1 capital for us or the Bank. As such, we determined that a “regulatory capital event” had occurred, based on an opinion of counsel rendered by a law firm experienced in such matters, and the HPCI board of directors determined to redeem the outstanding Class C preferred securities. HPCI redeemed all $50 million of the Class C preferred securities on December 31, 2013. The holders of such securities received the redemption price of $25.00 per share.

Based on the final Basel III rule, banking organizations with more than $15 billion in total consolidated assets are required to phase-out of additional tier 1 capital any non-qualifying capital instruments (such as trust preferred securities and cumulative preferred shares) issued before September 12, 2010. We will begin the additional tier I capital phase-out our trust preferred securities in 2015, but will be able to include these instruments in Tier II capital as a non-advanced approaches institution.

Generally, under the currently applicable guidelines, a financial institution’s capital is divided into two tiers. Institutions that must incorporate market risk exposure into their risk-based capital requirements may also have a third tier of capital in the form of restricted short-term subordinated debt. These tiers are:

 

   

Tier 1 risk-based capital, or core capital, which includes total equity plus qualifying capital securities and minority interests, excluding unrealized gains and losses accumulated in other comprehensive income, and nonqualifying intangible and servicing assets.

 

   

Tier 2 risk-based capital, or supplementary capital, which includes, among other things, cumulative and limited-life preferred stock, mandatory convertible securities, qualifying subordinated debt, and the ACL, up to 1.25% of risk-weighted assets.

 

   

Total risk-based capital is the sum of Tier 1 and Tier 2 risk-based capital.

The Federal Reserve and the other federal banking regulators require that all intangible assets (net of deferred tax), except originated or purchased MSRs, nonmortgage servicing assets, and purchased credit card relationships intangible assets, be deducted from Tier 1 capital. However, the total amount of these items included in capital cannot exceed 100% of its Tier 1 capital.

Under the risk-based guidelines to remain adequately-capitalized, financial institutions are required to maintain a total risk-based capital ratio of 8%, with 4% being Tier 1 risk-based capital. The appropriate regulatory authority may set higher capital requirements when they believe an institution’s circumstances warrant.

 

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Under the leverage guidelines, financial institutions are required to maintain a Tier 1 leverage ratio of at least 3%. The minimum ratio is applicable only to financial institutions that meet certain specified criteria, including excellent asset quality, high liquidity, low interest rate risk exposure, and the highest regulatory rating. Financial institutions not meeting these criteria are required to maintain a minimum Tier 1 leverage ratio of 4%.

Failure to meet applicable capital guidelines could subject the financial institution to a variety of enforcement remedies available to the federal regulatory authorities. These include limitations on the ability to pay dividends, the issuance by the regulatory authority of a directive to increase capital, and the termination of deposit insurance by the FDIC. In addition, the financial institution could be subject to the measures described below under Prompt Corrective Action as applicable to under-capitalized institutions.

The risk-based capital standards of the Federal Reserve, the OCC, and the FDIC specify that evaluations by the banking agencies of a bank’s capital adequacy will include an assessment of the exposure to declines in the economic value of a bank’s capital due to changes in interest rates. These banking agencies issued a joint policy statement on interest rate risk describing prudent methods for monitoring such risk that rely principally on internal measures of exposure and active oversight of risk management activities by senior management.

FDICIA requires federal banking regulatory authorities to take Prompt Corrective Action with respect to depository institutions that do not meet minimum capital requirements. For these purposes, FDICIA establishes five capital tiers: well-capitalized, adequately-capitalized, under-capitalized, significantly under-capitalized, and critically under-capitalized.

Throughout 2013, our regulatory capital ratios and those of the Bank were in excess of the levels established for well-capitalized institutions. An institution is deemed to be well-capitalized if it has a total risk-based capital ratio of 10% or greater, a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of 6% or greater, and a Tier 1 leverage ratio of 5% or greater and is not subject to a regulatory order, agreement, or directive to meet and maintain a specific capital level for any capital measure.

 

                  At December 31, 2013  

(dollar amounts in billions)

   Well-capitalized minimums     Actual     Excess
Capital (1)
 

Ratios:

         

Tier 1 leverage ratio

     Consolidated         5.00  %     10.67  %   $ 3.2  
     Bank         5.00       9.97       2.8  

Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio

     Consolidated         6.00       12.28       3.1  
     Bank         6.00       11.45       2.7  

Total risk-based capital ratio

     Consolidated         10.00       14.57       2.3  
     Bank         10.00       13.14       1.6  

 

(1) Amount greater than the well-capitalized minimum percentage.

FDICIA generally prohibits a depository institution from making any capital distribution, including payment of a cash dividend or paying any management fee to its holding company, if the depository institution would become under-capitalized after such payment. Under-capitalized institutions are also subject to growth limitations and are required by the appropriate federal banking agency to submit a capital restoration plan. If any depository institution subsidiary of a holding company is required to submit a capital restoration plan, the holding company would be required to provide a limited guarantee regarding compliance with the plan as a condition of approval of such plan.

Depending upon the severity of the under capitalization, the under-capitalized institutions may be subject to a number of requirements and restrictions, including orders to sell sufficient voting stock to become adequately-capitalized, requirements to reduce total assets, cessation of receipt of deposits from correspondent banks, and restrictions on making any payment of principal or interest on their subordinated debt. Critically under-capitalized institutions are subject to appointment of a receiver or conservator within 90 days of becoming so classified.

Under FDICIA, a depository institution that is not well-capitalized is generally prohibited from accepting brokered deposits and offering interest rates on deposits higher than the prevailing rate in its market. Since the Bank is well-capitalized, the FDICIA brokered deposit rule did not adversely affect its ability to accept brokered deposits. The Bank had $1.6 billion of such brokered deposits at December 31, 2013.

 

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As a bank holding company, we must act as a source of financial and managerial strength to the Bank and the Bank is subject to affiliate transaction restrictions.

Under the Dodd-Frank Act, a bank holding company must act as a source of financial and managerial strength to each of its subsidiary banks and must commit resources to support each such subsidiary bank. The Federal Reserve may require a bank holding company to make capital injections into a troubled subsidiary bank. It may charge the bank holding company with engaging in unsafe and unsound practices if the bank holding company fails to commit resources to such a subsidiary bank or if it undertakes actions that the Federal Reserve believes might jeopardize the bank holding company’s ability to commit resources to such subsidiary bank.

Any loans by a holding company to a subsidiary bank are subordinate in right of payment to deposits and to certain other indebtedness of such subsidiary bank. In the event of a bank holding company’s bankruptcy, an appointed bankruptcy trustee will assume any commitment by the holding company to a federal bank regulatory agency to maintain the capital of a subsidiary bank. Moreover, the bankruptcy law provides that claims based on any such commitment will be entitled to a priority of payment over the claims of the institution’s general unsecured creditors, including the holders of its note obligations.

Federal law permits the OCC to order the pro-rata assessment of shareholders of a national bank whose capital stock has become impaired, by losses or otherwise, to relieve a deficiency in such national bank’s capital stock. This statute also provides for the enforcement of any such pro-rata assessment of shareholders of such national bank to cover such impairment of capital stock by sale, to the extent necessary, of the capital stock owned by any assessed shareholder failing to pay the assessment. As the sole shareholder of the Bank, we are subject to such provisions.

Moreover, the claims of a receiver of an insured depository institution for administrative expenses and the claims of holders of deposit liabilities of such an institution are accorded priority over the claims of general unsecured creditors of such an institution, including the holders of the institution’s note obligations, in the event of liquidation or other resolution of such institution. Claims of a receiver for administrative expenses and claims of holders of deposit liabilities of the Bank, including the FDIC as the insurer of such holders, would receive priority over the holders of notes and other senior debt of the Bank in the event of liquidation or other resolution and over our interests as sole shareholder of the Bank.

As a financial holding company, we are subject to additional laws and regulations.

In order to maintain its status as a financial holding company, a bank holding company’s depository subsidiaries must all be both well-capitalized and well-managed, and must meet their Community Reinvestment Act obligations.

Financial holding company powers relate to financial activities that are specified in the Bank Holding Company Act or determined by the Federal Reserve, in coordination with the Secretary of the Treasury, to be financial in nature, incidental to an activity that is financial in nature, or complementary to a financial activity, provided that the complementary activity does not pose a safety and soundness risk. In addition, we are required by the Bank Holding Company Act to obtain Federal Reserve approval prior to acquiring, directly or indirectly, ownership or control of voting shares of any bank, if, after such acquisition, we would own or control more than 5% of its voting stock. Furthermore, the Dodd-Frank Act added a new provision to the Bank Holding Company Act, which requires bank holding companies with total consolidated assets equal to or greater than $50 billion to obtain prior approval from the Federal Reserve to acquire a nondepository company having total consolidated assets of $10 billion or more.

We also must comply with anti-money laundering and customer privacy regulations, as well as corporate governance, accounting, and reporting requirements.

The USA Patriot Act of 2001 and its related regulations require insured depository institutions, broker-dealers, and certain other financial institutions to have policies, procedures, and controls to detect, prevent, and report money laundering and terrorist financing. Federal banking regulators are required, when reviewing bank holding company acquisition and bank merger applications, to take into account the effectiveness of the anti-money laundering activities of the applicants.

Pursuant to Title V of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, we, like all other financial institutions, are required to:

 

   

provide notice to our customers regarding privacy policies and practices,

 

   

inform our customers regarding the conditions under which their nonpublic personal information may be disclosed to nonaffiliated third parties, and

 

   

give our customers an option to prevent certain disclosure of such information to nonaffiliated third parties.

The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 imposed new or revised corporate governance, accounting, and reporting requirements on us. In addition to a requirement that chief executive officers and chief financial officers certify financial statements in writing, the statute imposed requirements affecting, among other matters, the composition and activities of audit committees, disclosures relating to corporate insiders and insider transactions, code of ethics, and the effectiveness of internal controls over financial reporting.

 

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Available Information

This information may be read and copied at the Public Reference Room of the SEC at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549. You can obtain information on the operation of the Public Reference Room by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. The SEC also maintains an Internet web site that contains reports, proxy statements, and other information about issuers, like us, who file electronically with the SEC. The address of the site is http://www.sec.gov . The reports and other information filed by us with the SEC are also available at our Internet web site. The address of the site is http://www.huntington.com . Except as specifically incorporated by reference into this Annual Report on Form 10-K, information on those web sites is not part of this report. You also should be able to inspect reports, proxy statements, and other information about us at the offices of the NASDAQ National Market at 33 Whitehall Street, New York, New York.

Item 1A: Risk Factors

Risk Governance

We use a multi-faceted approach to risk governance. It begins with the board of directors defining our risk appetite in aggregate as moderate-to-low. This does not preclude engagement in select higher risk activities. Rather, the definition is intended to represent an average of where we want our overall risk to be managed.

Two board committees primarily oversee implementation of this desired risk profile: The Audit Committee and the Risk Oversight Committee.

 

   

The Audit Committee is principally involved with overseeing the integrity of financial statements, providing oversight of the internal audit department, and selecting our external auditors. Our chief auditor reports directly to the Audit Committee Chair.

 

   

The Risk Oversight Committee supervises our risk management processes which primarily cover credit, market, liquidity, operational, compliance, legal, strategic, and reputational risks. It also approves the charters of executive risk management committees, sets risk limits on certain risk measures (e.g., economic value of equity), receives results of the risk self-assessment process, and routinely engages management in review of key risks. Our credit review executive reports directly to the Risk Oversight Committee.

Both committees are comprised of independent directors and routinely hold executive sessions with our key officers engaged in accounting and risk management. On a periodic basis, the two committees meet in joint session to cover matters relevant to both such as the construct and appropriateness of the ACL, which is reviewed quarterly. All directors have access to information provided to each committee and all scheduled meetings are open to all directors.

Further, through its Compensation Committee, the board of directors seeks to ensure its system of rewards is risk-sensitive and aligns the interests of management, creditors, and shareholders. We utilize a variety of compensation-related tools to induce appropriate behavior, including common stock ownership thresholds for the chief executive officer and certain members of senior management, a requirement to hold until retirement a portion of net shares received upon exercise of stock options or release of restricted stock awards (50% for executive officers and 25% for other award recipients), equity deferrals, recoupment provisions, and the right to terminate compensation plans at any time.

Management has introduced a number of steps to help ensure an aggregate moderate-to-low risk appetite is maintained. Foremost is a quarterly self-assessment process, in which each business segment produces an analysis of its risks and the strength of its risk controls. The segment analyses are combined with assessments by our risk management organization of major risk sectors (e.g., credit, market, operational, reputational, compliance, etc.) to produce an overall enterprise risk assessment. Outcomes of the process include a determination of the quality of the overall control process, the direction of risk, and our position compared to the defined risk appetite.

Management also utilizes a wide series of metrics (key risk indicators) to monitor risk positions throughout the Company. In general, a range for each metric is established which allows the company, in aggregate, to maintain its moderate-to-low risk profile. Deviations from the range will indicate if the risk being measured is moving, which may then necessitate corrective action.

We also have four other executive level committees to manage risk: ALCO, Credit Policy and Strategy, Risk Management, and Capital Management. Each committee focuses on specific categories of risk and is supported by a series of subcommittees that are tactical in nature. We believe this structure helps ensure appropriate elevation of issues and overall communication of strategies.

 

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Huntington utilizes three levels of defense with regard to risk management: (1) business segments, (2) corporate risk management, and (3) internal audit and credit review. To induce greater ownership of risk within its business segments, segment risk officers have been embedded to identify and monitor risk, elevate and remediate issues, establish controls, perform self-testing, and oversee the quarterly self-assessment process. Segment risk officers report directly to the related segment manager with a dotted line to the Chief Risk Officer. Corporate Risk Management establishes policies, sets operating limits, reviews new or modified products/processes, ensures consistency and quality assurance within the segments, and produces the enterprise risk assessment. The Chief Risk Officer has significant input into the design and outcome of incentive compensation plans as they apply to risk. Internal Audit and Credit Review provide additional assurance that risk-related functions are operating as intended.

Risk Overview

We, like other financial companies, are subject to a number of risks that may adversely affect our financial condition or results of operations, many of which are outside of our direct control, though efforts are made to manage those risks while optimizing returns. Among the risks assumed are: (1)  credit risk , which is the risk of loss due to loan and lease customers or other counterparties not being able to meet their financial obligations under agreed upon terms, (2)  market risk , which is the risk of loss due to changes in the market value of assets and liabilities due to changes in market interest rates, foreign exchange rates, equity prices, and credit spreads, (3)  liquidity risk , which is (a) the risk of loss due to the possibility that funds may not be available to satisfy current or future commitments based on external macro market issues, investor and customer perception of financial strength, and events unrelated to us such as war, terrorism, or financial institution market specific issues, and (b) the risk of loss based on our ability to satisfy current or future funding commitments due to the mix and maturity structure of our balance sheet, amount of on-hand cash and unencumbered securities and the availability of contingent sources of funding, (4)  operational and legal risk , which is the risk of loss due to human error, inadequate or failed internal systems and controls, violations of, or noncompliance with, laws, rules, regulations, prescribed practices, or ethical standards, and external influences such as market conditions, fraudulent activities, disasters, and security risks, and (5)  compliance risk , which exposes us to money penalties, enforcement actions or other sanctions as a result of nonconformance with laws, rules, and regulations that apply to the financial services industry.

We also expend considerable effort to contain risk which emanates from execution of our business strategies and work relentlessly to protect the Company’s reputation. Strategic risk and reputational risk do not easily lend themselves to traditional methods of measurement. Rather, we closely monitor them through processes such as new product / initiative reviews, frequent financial performance reviews, employee and client surveys, monitoring market intelligence, periodic discussions between management and our board, and other such efforts.

In addition to the other information included or incorporated by reference into this report, readers should carefully consider that the following important factors, among others, could negatively impact our business, future results of operations, and future cash flows materially.

Credit Risks:

1. Our ACL level may prove to be inappropriate or be negatively affected by credit risk exposures which could materially adversely affect our net income and capital.

Our business depends on the creditworthiness of our customers. Our ACL of $710.8 million at December 31, 2013, represented Management’s estimate of probable losses inherent in our loan and lease portfolio as well as our unfunded loan commitments and letters of credit. We periodically review our ACL for appropriateness. In doing so, we consider economic conditions and trends, collateral values, and credit quality indicators, such as past charge-off experience, levels of past due loans, and NPAs. There is no certainty that our ACL will be appropriate over time to cover losses in the portfolio because of unanticipated adverse changes in the economy, market conditions, or events adversely affecting specific customers, industries, or markets. If the credit quality of our customer base materially decreases, if the risk profile of a market, industry, or group of customers changes materially, or if the ACL is not appropriate, our net income and capital could be materially adversely affected which, in turn, could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

In addition, bank regulators periodically review our ACL and may require us to increase our provision for loan and lease losses or loan charge-offs. Any increase in our ACL or loan charge-offs as required by these regulatory authorities could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

2. Weakness in economic conditions could materially adversely affect our business.

Our performance could be negatively affected to the extent there is deterioration in business and economic conditions which have direct or indirect material adverse impacts on us, our customers, and our counterparties. These conditions could result in one or more of the following:

 

   

A decrease in the demand for loans and other products and services offered by us;

 

 

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A decrease in customer savings generally and in the demand for savings and investment products offered by us; and

 

   

An increase in the number of customers and counterparties who become delinquent, file for protection under bankruptcy laws, or default on their loans or other obligations to us.

An increase in the number of delinquencies, bankruptcies, or defaults could result in a higher level of NPAs, NCOs, provision for credit losses, and valuation adjustments on loans held for sale. The markets we serve are dependent on industrial and manufacturing businesses and thus are particularly vulnerable to adverse changes in economic conditions affecting these sectors.

Market Risks:

1. Changes in interest rates could reduce our net interest income, reduce transactional income, and negatively impact the value of our loans, securities, and other assets. This could have a material adverse impact on our cash flows, financial condition, results of operations, and capital.

Our results of operations depend substantially on net interest income, which is the difference between interest earned on interest earning assets (such as investments and loans) and interest paid on interest bearing liabilities (such as deposits and borrowings). Interest rates are highly sensitive to many factors, including governmental monetary policies and domestic and international economic and political conditions. Conditions such as inflation, deflation, recession, unemployment, money supply, and other factors beyond our control may also affect interest rates. If our interest earning assets mature or reprice faster than interest bearing liabilities in a declining interest rate environment, net interest income could be materially adversely impacted. Likewise, if interest bearing liabilities mature or reprice more quickly than interest earning assets in a rising interest rate environment, net interest income could be adversely impacted.

Changes in interest rates can affect the value of loans, securities, assets under management, and other assets, including mortgage and nonmortgage servicing rights. An increase in interest rates that adversely affects the ability of borrowers to pay the principal or interest on loans and leases may lead to an increase in NPAs and a reduction of income recognized, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and cash flows. When we place a loan on nonaccrual status, we reverse any accrued but unpaid interest receivable, which decreases interest income. However, we continue to incur interest expense as a cost of funding NALs without any corresponding interest income. In addition, transactional income, including trust income, brokerage income, and gain on sales of loans can vary significantly from period-to-period based on a number of factors, including the interest rate environment.

Rising interest rates reduce the value of our fixed-rate debt securities and cash flow hedging derivatives portfolio. Any unrealized loss from these portfolios impacts OCI, shareholders’ equity, and the Tangible Common Equity ratio. Any realized loss from these portfolios impacts regulatory capital ratios, notably Tier I and Total risk-based capital ratios. In a rising interest rate environment, pension and other post-retirement obligations somewhat mitigate negative OCI impacts from securities and financial instruments.

Certain investment securities, notably mortgage-backed securities, are very sensitive to rising and falling rates. Generally, when rates rise, prepayments of principal and interest will decrease and the duration of mortgage-backed securities will increase. Conversely, when rates fall, prepayments of principal and interest will increase and the duration of mortgage-backed securities will decrease. In either case, interest rates have a significant impact on the value of mortgage-backed securities investments.

Liquidity Risks:

1. If we lose access to capital markets, we may not be able to meet the cash flow requirements of our depositors, creditors, and borrowers, or have the operating cash needed to fund corporate expansion and other corporate activities.

Liquidity is the ability to meet cash flow needs on a timely basis at a reasonable cost. The Bank uses its liquidity to extend credit and to repay liabilities as they become due or as demanded by customers. The board of directors establishes liquidity policies and limits and Management establishes operating guidelines for liquidity.

Wholesale funding sources include securitization, federal funds purchased, securities sold under repurchase agreements, non-core deposits, and medium- and long-term debt. The Bank is also a member of the Federal Home Loan Bank of Cincinnati, which provides members access to funding through advances collateralized with mortgage-related assets. We maintain a portfolio of highly-rated, marketable securities that is available as a source of liquidity.

 

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Capital markets disruptions can directly impact the liquidity of the Bank and Corporation. The inability to access capital markets funding sources as needed could adversely impact our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, and level of regulatory-qualifying capital. We may, from time-to-time, consider using our existing liquidity position to opportunistically retire outstanding securities in privately negotiated or open market transactions.

2. Due to the losses that the Bank incurred in 2008 and 2009, prior to December 31, 2013, the Bank and its subsidiaries could not declare and pay dividends to the holding company, any subsidiary of the holding company outside the Bank’s consolidated group, or any security holder outside the Bank’s consolidated group, without regulatory approval. Also, the Bank may not pay a dividend in an amount greater than its undivided profits.

Dividends from the Bank to the parent company are the primary source of funds for the payment of dividends to our shareholders. Under applicable statutes and regulations, a national bank may not declare and pay dividends in any year greater than its undivided profits or in excess of an amount equal to the sum of the total of the net income of the bank for that year and the retained net income of the bank for the preceding two years, minus the sum of any transfers required by the OCC and any transfers required to be made to a fund for the retirement of any preferred stock, unless the OCC approves the declaration and payment of dividends in excess of such amount. The Bank’s undivided profits were in a deficit position until December 2013. We anticipate that the Bank will declare dividends to the holding company during the first half of 2014.

Operational and Legal Risks:

1. The resolution of significant pending litigation, if unfavorable, could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations for a particular period.

We face legal risks in our businesses, and the volume of claims and amount of damages and penalties claimed in litigation and regulatory proceedings against financial institutions remain high. Substantial legal liability against us could have material adverse financial effects or cause significant reputational harm to us, which in turn could seriously harm our business prospects. It is possible that the ultimate resolution of these matters, if unfavorable, may be material to the results of operations for a particular reporting period.

Note 22 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements updates the status of litigation concerning Cyberco Holdings, Inc. Although the bank maintains litigation reserves related to this case, the ultimate resolution of the matter, if unfavorable, may be material to our results of operations for a particular reporting period.

2. We face significant operational risks which could lead to expensive litigation and loss of confidence by our customers, regulators, and capital markets.

We are exposed to many types of operational risks, including cyber-attack risk, the risk of fraud or theft by employees or outsiders, unauthorized transactions by employees or outsiders, or operational errors by employees, including clerical or record-keeping errors or those resulting from faulty or disabled computer or telecommunications systems. These operational risks could lead to expensive litigation and loss of confidence by our customers, regulators, and the capital markets.

Moreover, negative public opinion can result from our actual or alleged conduct in any number of activities, including lending practices, corporate governance, and acquisitions and from actions taken by government regulators and community organizations in response to those activities. Negative public opinion can adversely affect our ability to attract and retain customers and can also expose us to litigation and regulatory action.

Relative to acquisitions, we cannot predict if, or when, we will be able to identify and attract acquisition candidates or make acquisitions on favorable terms. We incur risks and challenges associated with the integration of acquired institutions in a timely and efficient manner, and we cannot guarantee that we will be successful in retaining existing customer relationships or achieving anticipated operating efficiencies.

Huntington is under continuous threat of loss due to cyber-attacks especially as we continue to expand customer capabilities to utilize internet and other remote channels to transact business. The most significant cyber–attack risks that we face are e-fraud, denial of service, and loss of sensitive customer data. Loss from e-fraud occurs when cybercriminals breach and extract funds directly from customer or our accounts. Loss can occur as a result of negative customer experience in the event of a successful denial of service attack that disrupts availability of our on-line banking services. The attempts to breach sensitive customer data, such as account numbers and social security numbers, could present significant reputational, legal and/or regulatory costs to us if successful. Our risk and exposure to these matters remains heightened because of the evolving nature and complexity of these threats from cybercriminals and hackers, our plans to continue to provide internet banking and mobile banking channels, and our plans to develop additional remote connectivity solutions to serve our customers.

 

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3. Failure to maintain effective internal controls over financial reporting in the future could impair our ability to accurately and timely report our financial results or prevent fraud, resulting in loss of investor confidence and adversely affecting our business and stock price.

Effective internal controls over financial reporting are necessary to provide reliable financial reports and prevent fraud. As a financial holding company, we are subject to regulation that focuses on effective internal controls and procedures. Such controls and procedures are modified, supplemented, and changed from time-to-time as necessitated by our growth and in reaction to external events and developments. Any failure to maintain, in the future, an effective internal control environment could impact our ability to report our financial results on an accurate and timely basis, which could result in regulatory actions, loss of investor confidence, and adversely impact our business and stock price.

Compliance Risks:

1. Bank regulators and other regulations, including Basel III capital standards and CCAR, may require higher capital levels, impacting our ability to pay common stock dividends or repurchase our common stock.

On July 2, 2013, the Federal Reserve voted to adopt final Basel III capital rules for U.S. Banking organizations. The final rules establish an integrated regulatory capital framework and will implement in the United States the Basel III regulatory capital reforms from the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision and certain changes required by the Dodd-Frank Act. Under the final rule, minimum requirements will increase for both the quantity and quality of capital held by banking organizations. As a Standardized Approach institution, the Basel III minimum capital requirements will become effective for us on January 1, 2015, and will be fully phased-in on January 1, 2019.

The Federal Reserve has issued guidelines for evaluating proposals by certain bank holding companies, including us, to undertake capital actions, such as increasing dividend payments or repurchasing or redeeming stock. This process is known as CCAR. CCAR includes a quantitative examination component in which BHC-specific data is run through models developed by the Federal Reserve with the intention of estimating capital levels in a hypothetical severely adverse economic scenario. Capital plans for 2014 were required to be submitted by January 6, 2014. The Federal Reserve will either object to a capital plan, in whole or in part, or provide a notice of non-objection no later than March 31, 2014, for plans submitted by the January 6, 2014 submission date. We submitted our capital plan to the Federal Reserve on January 5, 2014.

The Federal Reserve and OCC are expected to undertake these capital plan reviews on a regular basis in the future. There can be no assurance that the Federal Reserve or OCC will respond favorably to our capital plan as part of their future capital plan reviews, and the Federal Reserve, OCC, or other regulatory capital requirements may limit or otherwise restrict how we utilize our capital, including common stock dividends and stock repurchases. Although not currently anticipated, our regulators may require us to raise additional capital in the future. Issuing additional common stock may dilute existing stockholders.

2. If our regulators deem it appropriate, they can take regulatory actions that could result in a material adverse impact on our ability to compete for new business, constrain our ability to fund our liquidity needs or pay dividends, and increase the cost of our services.

We are subject to the supervision and regulation of various state and Federal regulators, including the OCC, Federal Reserve, FDIC, SEC, CFPB, Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, and various state regulatory agencies. As such, we are subject to a wide variety of laws and regulations, many of which are discussed in the Regulatory Matters section. As part of their supervisory process, which includes periodic examinations and continuous monitoring, the regulators have the authority to impose restrictions or conditions on our activities and the manner in which we manage the organization. Such actions could negatively impact us in a variety of ways, including monetary fines, impacting our ability to pay dividends, precluding mergers or acquisitions, limiting our ability to offer certain products or services, or imposing additional capital requirements.

With the development of the CFPB, our consumer products and services are subject to increasing regulatory oversight and scrutiny with respect to compliance under consumer laws and regulations. We may face a greater number or wider scope of investigations, enforcement actions and litigation in the future related to consumer practices, thereby increasing costs associated with responding to or defending such actions. In addition, increased regulatory inquiries and investigations, as well as any additional legislative or regulatory developments affecting our consumer businesses, and any required changes to our business operations resulting from these developments, could result in significant loss of revenue, limit the products or services we offer, require us to increase our prices and therefore reduce demand for our products, impose additional compliance costs on us, cause harm to our reputation or otherwise adversely affect our consumer businesses.

 

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3. Legislative and regulatory actions taken now or in the future that impact the financial industry may materially adversely affect us by increasing our costs, adding complexity in doing business, impeding the efficiency of our internal business processes, negatively impacting the recoverability of certain of our recorded assets, requiring us to increase our regulatory capital, limiting our ability to pursue business opportunities, and otherwise result in a material adverse impact on our financial condition, results of operation, liquidity, or stock price.

The Dodd-Frank Act represents a comprehensive overhaul of the financial services industry within the United States, establishes the CFPB, and requires the bureau and other federal agencies to implement many new and significant rules and regulations. At this time, it is difficult to predict the extent to which the Dodd-Frank Act, or the resulting rules and regulations in their entirety, will impact our business. Compliance with these new laws and regulations will result in additional costs, which could be significant, and may have a material and adverse effect on our results of operations. In addition, if we do not appropriately comply with current or future legislation and regulations that apply to our consumer operations, we may be subject to fines, penalties or judgments, or material regulatory restrictions on our businesses, which could adversely affect operations and, in turn, financial results.

Item 1B: Unresolved Staff Comments

None.

Item 2: Properties

Our headquarters, as well as the Bank’s, are located in the Huntington Center, a thirty-seven-story office building located in Columbus, Ohio. Of the building’s total office space available, we lease approximately 28%. The lease term expires in 2030, with six five-year renewal options for up to 30 years but with no purchase option. The Bank has an indirect minority equity interest of 18.4% in the building.

Our other major properties consist of the following:

 

Description

  

Location

   Own      Lease  

13 story office building, located adjacent to the Huntington Center

   Columbus, Ohio    ü        

12 story office building, located adjacent to the Huntington Center

   Columbus, Ohio    ü        

3 story office building - the Crosswoods building

   Columbus, Ohio       ü     

A portion of 200 Public Square Building

   Cleveland, Ohio       ü     

12 story office building

   Youngstown, Ohio    ü        

10 story office building

   Warren, Ohio       ü     

10 story office building

   Toledo, Ohio    ü        

A portion of the Grant Building

   Pittsburgh, PA       ü     

18 story office building

   Charleston, West Virginia       ü     

3 story office building

   Holland, Michigan       ü     

2 building office complex

   Troy, Michigan       ü     

Data processing and operations center (Easton)

   Columbus, Ohio    ü        

Data processing and operations center (Northland)

   Columbus, Ohio       ü     

Data processing and operations center (Parma)

   Cleveland, Ohio       ü     

8 story office building

   Indianapolis, Indiana    ü        

Item 3: Legal Proceedings

Information required by this item is set forth in Note 22 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements and incorporated into this Item by reference.

Item 4: Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.

 

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PART II

Item 5: Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Shareholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

The common stock of Huntington Bancshares Incorporated is traded on the NASDAQ Stock Market under the symbol “HBAN”. The stock is listed as “HuntgBcshr” or “HuntBanc” in most newspapers. As of January 31, 2014, we had 22,248 shareholders of record.

Information regarding the high and low sale prices of our common stock and cash dividends declared on such shares, as required by this item, is set forth in Table 46 entitled Selected Quarterly Income Statement Data and incorporated into this Item by reference. Information regarding restrictions on dividends, as required by this Item, is set forth in Item 1 Business-Regulatory Matters and in Note 23 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements and incorporated into this Item by reference.

The following graph shows the changes, over the five-year period, in the value of $100 invested in (i) shares of Huntington’s Common Stock; (ii) the Standard & Poor’s 500 Stock Index (the “S&P 500 Index”) and (iii) Keefe, Bruyette & Woods Bank Index (the “KBW Bank Index”), for the period December 31, 2008, through December 31, 2013. The KBW Bank Index is a market capitalization-weighted bank stock index published by Keefe, Bruyette & Woods. The index is composed of the largest banking companies and includes all money center banks and regional banks, including Huntington. An investment of $100 on December 31, 2008, and the reinvestment of all dividends are assumed. The plotted points represent the closing price on the last trading day of the fiscal year indicated.

 

LOGO

The following table provides information regarding Huntington’s purchases of its Common Stock during the three-month period ended December 31, 2013:

 

Period

   Total Number
of Shares
Purchased
     Average
Price Paid
Per Share
     Total Number of Shares
Purchased as Part of
Publicly Announced
Plans or Programs (1)
     Maximum Number of Shares (or
Approximate Dollar Value) that
May Yet Be Purchased Under
the Plans or Programs (2)
 

October 1, 2013 to October 31, 2013

     —          —          11,969,724      $ 135,845,179  

November 1, 2013 to November 30, 2013

     —          —          11,969,724        135,845,179  

December 1, 2013 to December 31, 2013

     —          —          11,969,724        135,845,179  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     —          —          11,969,724      $ 135,845,179  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) The reported shares were repurchased pursuant to Huntington’s publicly announced stock repurchase authorization, which became effective April 1, 2013.

 

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(2) The number shown represents, as of the end of each period, the maximum number of shares (approximate dollar value) of Common Stock that may yet be purchased under publicly announced stock repurchase authorizations. The shares may be purchased, from time-to-time, depending on market conditions.

On March 14, 2013, Huntington Bancshares Incorporated announced that the Federal Reserve did not object to Huntington’s proposed capital actions included in Huntington’s capital plan submitted to the Federal Reserve in January 2013. These actions included the potential repurchase of up to $227 million of common stock and a continuation of Huntington’s current common dividend through the first quarter of 2014. Huntington’s Board of Directors authorized a share repurchase program consistent with Huntington’s capital plan. During the 2013 fourth quarter, Huntington did not repurchase any shares. For the year ended December 31, 2013, Huntington purchased 16.7 million common shares at a weighted average price of $7.46 per share. For the year ended December 31, 2012, Huntington purchased 23.3 million common shares at a weighted average price of $6.36 per share.

 

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Item 6: Selected Financial Data

Table 1—Selected Financial Data (1)

 

       Year Ended December 31,  

(dollar amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)

   2013     2012     2011     2010     2009  

Interest income

   $ 1,860,637     $ 1,930,263     $ 1,970,226     $ 2,145,392     $ 2,238,142  

Interest expense

     156,029       219,739       341,056       526,587       813,855  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net interest income

     1,704,608       1,710,524       1,629,170       1,618,805       1,424,287  

Provision for credit losses

     90,045       147,388       174,059       634,547       2,074,671  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net interest income after provision for credit losses

     1,614,563       1,563,136       1,455,111       984,258       (650,384

Noninterest income

     997,995       1,097,857       980,623       1,041,858       1,005,644  

Noninterest expense:

          

Goodwill impairment

     —          —          —          —          2,606,944  

Other noninterest expense

     1,758,003       1,835,876       1,728,500       1,673,805       1,426,499  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total noninterest expense

     1,758,003       1,835,876       1,728,500       1,673,805       4,033,443  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income taxes

     854,555       825,117       707,234       352,311       (3,678,183

Provision (benefit) for income taxes

     215,814       184,095       164,621       39,964       (584,004
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

   $ 638,741     $ 641,022     $ 542,613     $ 312,347     $ (3,094,179
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Dividends on preferred shares

     31,869       31,989       30,813       172,032       174,756  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss) applicable to common shares

   $ 606,872     $ 609,033     $ 511,800     $ 140,315     $ (3,268,935
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss) per common share—basic

   $ 0.73     $ 0.71     $ 0.59     $ 0.19     $ (6.14

Net income (loss) per common share—diluted

     0.72       0.71       0.59       0.19       (6.14

Cash dividends declared per common share

     0.19       0.16       0.10       0.04       0.04  

Balance sheet highlights

          
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets (period end)

   $ 59,476,344     $ 56,153,185     $ 54,450,652     $ 53,819,642     $ 51,554,665  

Total long-term debt (period end) (2)

     2,458,272       1,364,834       3,097,857       3,813,827       3,802,670  

Total shareholders’ equity (period end)

     6,099,323       5,790,211       5,418,100       4,980,542       5,336,002  

Average long-term debt (2)

     2,372,765       2,273,140       3,275,913       3,953,177       5,558,001  

Average shareholders’ equity

     5,914,914       5,671,455       5,237,541       5,482,502       5,787,401  

Average total assets

     56,299,313       55,673,599       53,750,054       52,574,231       52,440,268  

Key ratios and statistics

          

Margin analysis—as a % of average earnings assets

          

Interest income (3)

     3.66     3.85     4.09     4.55     4.88

Interest expense

     0.30       0.44       0.71       1.11       1.77  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net interest margin (3)

     3.36     3.41     3.38     3.44     3.11
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Return on average total assets

     1.13     1.15     1.01     0.59     (5.90 )% 

Return on average common shareholders’ equity

     11.0       11.5       10.5       3.7       (80.8

Return on average tangible common shareholders’
equity
(4), (8)

     12.7       13.5       12.7       5.6       (22.4

Efficiency ratio (5)

     62.9       63.4       63.7       60.4       55.4  

Dividend payout ratio

     26.0       22.5       16.9       21.1       N.R.  

Average shareholders’ equity to average assets

     10.51       10.19       9.74       10.43       11.04  

Effective tax rate (benefit)

     25.3       22.3       23.3       11.3       (15.9

Tier 1 common risk-based capital ratio (period end) (8)

     10.90       10.48       10.00       9.29       6.76  

Tangible common equity to tangible assets (period end) (6), (8)

     8.83       8.76       8.30       7.56       5.92  

Tangible equity to tangible assets (period end) (7), (8)

     9.49       9.46       9.02       8.24       9.24  

Tier 1 leverage ratio (period end)

     10.67       10.36       10.28       9.41       10.09  

Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio (period end)

     12.28       12.02       12.11       11.55       12.15  

Total risk-based capital ratio (period end)

     14.57       14.50       14.77       14.46       14.55  

Other data

          

Full-time equivalent employees (average)

     11,964       11,494       11,398       11,038       10,384  

Domestic banking offices (period end)

     711       705       668       620       611  

N.R.—Not relevant, as denominator of calculation is a loss in prior period compared with income in current period.

 

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(1)

Comparisons for presented periods are impacted by a number of factors. Refer to the Significant Items for additional discussion regarding these key factors.

(2)  

Includes FHLB advances, subordinated notes, and other long-term debt. At December 31, 2013, FHLB advances excludes $1.8 billion of advances that are short-term in nature.

(3)  

On an FTE basis assuming a 35% tax rate.

(4)  

Net income (loss) less expense excluding amortization of intangibles for the period divided by average tangible shareholders’ equity. Average tangible shareholders’ equity equals average total shareholders’ equity less average intangible assets and goodwill. Expense for amortization of intangibles and average intangible assets are net of deferred tax liability, and calculated assuming a 35% tax rate.

(5)  

Noninterest expense less amortization of intangibles divided by the sum of FTE net interest income and noninterest income excluding securities gains.

(6)  

Tangible common equity (total common equity less goodwill and other intangible assets) divided by tangible assets (total assets less goodwill and other intangible assets). Other intangible assets are net of deferred tax, and calculated assuming a 35% tax rate.

(7)  

Tangible equity (total equity less goodwill and other intangible assets) divided by tangible assets (total assets less goodwill and other intangible assets). Other intangible assets are net of deferred tax, and calculated assuming a 35% tax rate.

(8)  

Tier 1 common equity, tangible equity, tangible common equity, and tangible assets are non-GAAP financial measures. Additionally, any ratios utilizing these financial measures are also non-GAAP. These financial measures have been included as they are considered to be critical metrics with which to analyze and evaluate financial condition and capital strength. Other companies may calculate these financial measures differently.

 

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Item 7: Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

INTRODUCTION

We are a multi-state diversified regional bank holding company organized under Maryland law in 1966 and headquartered in Columbus, Ohio. Through the Bank, we have 148 years of servicing the financial needs of our customers. Through our subsidiaries, we provide full-service commercial and consumer banking services, mortgage banking services, automobile financing, equipment leasing, investment management, trust services, brokerage services, insurance service programs, and other financial products and services. Our 695 branches are located in Ohio, Michigan, Pennsylvania, Indiana, West Virginia, and Kentucky. Selected financial services and other activities are also conducted in various other states. International banking services are available through the headquarters office in Columbus, Ohio and a limited purpose office located in the Cayman Islands and another limited purpose office located in Hong Kong. Our foreign banking activities, in total or with any individual country, are not significant.

The following MD&A provides information we believe necessary for understanding our financial condition, changes in financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows. The MD&A should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements, Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, and other information contained in this report.

Our discussion is divided into key segments:

 

   

Executive Overview – Provides a summary of our current financial performance, and business overview, including our thoughts on the impact of the economy, legislative and regulatory initiatives, and recent industry developments. This section also provides our outlook regarding our 2014 expectations.

 

   

Discussion of Results of Operations —Reviews financial performance from a consolidated perspective. It also includes a Significant Items section that summarizes key issues helpful for understanding performance trends. Key consolidated average balance sheet and income statement trends are also discussed in this section.

 

   

Risk Management and Capital - Discusses credit, market, liquidity, operational risks, and compliance including how these are managed, as well as performance trends. It also includes a discussion of liquidity policies, how we obtain funding, and related performance. In addition, there is a discussion of guarantees and / or commitments made for items such as standby letters of credit and commitments to sell loans, and a discussion that reviews the adequacy of capital, including regulatory capital requirements.

 

   

Business Segment Discussion —Provides an overview of financial performance for each of our major business segments and provides additional discussion of trends underlying consolidated financial performance.

 

   

Results for the Fourth Quarter - Provides a discussion of results for the 2013 fourth quarter compared with the 2012 fourth quarter.

 

   

Additional Disclosures - Provides comments on important matters including forward-looking statements, critical accounting policies and use of significant estimates, recent accounting pronouncements and developments, and acquisitions.

EXECUTIVE OVERVIEW

2013 Financial Performance Review

In 2013, we reported net income of $638.7 million, or $0.72 per common share, relatively unchanged from the prior year. This resulted in a 1.13% return on average assets and a 12.7% return on average tangible common equity. In addition, we grew our base of consumer and business customers while our efficiency ratio decreased to 62.9% in 2013 from 63.4% in 2012. Results from our strategic business investments and OCR sales approach continued in 2013. (Also, see Significant Items Influencing Financial Performance Comparisons within the Discussion of Results of Operations.)

Fully-taxable equivalent net interest income was $1.7 billion in 2013, an increase of $1.0 million, or less than 1%, compared with 2012. This reflected the impact of 4% loan growth, offset by a 5 basis point decline in the net interest margin to 3.36%, as well as a 7% reduction in other earning assets, the majority of which were loans held for sale. The loan growth reflected an increase in average C&I loans due to continued growth within the middle market healthcare vertical, equipment finance, and dealer floorplan loans. Also, our average automobile loans increased, as the growth in originations remained strong and we kept these loans on our balance sheet instead of selling them through securitizations. As expected, our CRE portfolio declined, reflecting continued runoff as acceptable returns for new originations were balanced against internal concentration limits and increased competition for projects sponsored by high quality developers. Average loans held-for-sale decreased, reflecting the impact of automobile securitizations completed in 2012 and no such securitizations in 2013.

 

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Noninterest income was $1.0 billion in 2013, a 9% decrease compared with 2012. Mortgage banking income was down $64.2 million due to a reduction in volume, lower gain on sale margin, and a higher percentage of originations held on the balance sheet. In addition, gains on sale of loans were down $40.0 million due to no auto securitizations in 2013. Service charges increased $9.6 million in 2013 despite a decrease of approximately $28 million due to a change that we made in February 2013 on posting order for our consumer transaction accounts.

Noninterest expense was $1.8 billion in 2013, a 4% decrease compared with 2012. The decrease was primarily due to lower marketing, deposit and other insurance, professional services and other expense as we actively managed the pace and size of investment. Other expense declined due to lower mortgage repurchase and warranty, and OREO and foreclosure expenses. This was partially offset by franchise repositioning expense related significant items included in net occupancy ($12.1 million), personnel costs ($6.7 million), equipment ($2.4 million), outside data processing and other services ($1.4 million), and other expense ($1.0 million). The increase in personnel costs primarily related to the increase in the number of average full-time equivalent employees was partially offset by a significant item of $33.9 million from the pension curtailment gain.

Most credit quality related metrics in 2013 reflected continued improvement. NALs declined $85.6 million, or 21%, from 2012 to $322.1 million, or 0.75% of total loans and leases. NPAs declined $93.6 million, or 21%, compared to a year-ago to $352.2 million, or 0.82% of total loans and leases, OREO, and other NPAs. The decreases primarily reflected meaningful improvement in both CRE and C&I NALs. The provision for credit losses decreased $57.3 million, or 39%, from 2012 due to the continued decline in classified, criticized, and nonaccrual loans and included the implementation of enhancements to our ALLL model. NCOs decreased $153.8 million, or 45%, from the prior year to $188.7 million. NCOs were an annualized 0.45% of average loans and leases in the current year compared to 0.85% in 2012. Within the consumer portfolio, NCOs related to Chapter 7 bankruptcy loans amounted to $22.8 million in 2013 and $34.6 million in 2012. The ACL as a percentage of total loans and leases decreased to 1.65% from 1.99% a year ago, while the ACL as a percentage of period-end total NALs increased to 221% from 199%.

The tangible common equity to tangible assets ratio at December 31, 2013, was 8.83%, up 7 basis points from a year ago. Our Tier 1 common risk-based capital ratio at year end was 10.90%, up from 10.48% at the end of 2012. The regulatory Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio at December 31, 2013, was 12.28%, up from 12.02% at December 31, 2012. The increase in the regulatory Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio reflected the increase in retained earnings, partially offset by the redemption of $50 million of qualifying REIT preferred securities in the 2013 fourth quarter, and growth in risk-weighted assets. All capital ratios were impacted by the repurchase of 17 million common shares over the last four quarters, none of which were repurchased during the 2013 fourth quarter. We have the ability to repurchase up to $136 million additional shares of common stock through the first quarter of 2014. We intend to continue disciplined repurchase activity consistent with our annual capital plan, our capital return objectives, and market conditions.

Business Overview

General

Our general business objectives are: (1) grow net interest income and fee income, (2) increase cross-sell and share-of-wallet across all business segments, (3) improve efficiency ratio, (4) continue to strengthen risk management, including sustained improvements in credit metrics, and (5) maintain strong capital and liquidity positions.

In 2013, we grew our base of consumer and business customers, while achieving positive operating leverage. Our performance in the second half of 2013 demonstrates strong business momentum, positioning us well for 2014. Highlights of our financial strength in 2013 include a strong balance sheet, ongoing deposit growth and quality loan growth in commercial and auto lending. Our deposit and lending growth is the result of focused execution and key strategic investments made over the last four years. We have done all of this while decreasing expenses by 4 percent, year over year, as the result of disciplined expense management.

We continue to face strong competition from other banks and financial service firms in our markets. To address these challenges, the cornerstone of our strategy has been to invest in the franchise in order to grow our market share and share-of-wallet. In this regard, our OCR methodology continued to deliver success in 2013. Consumer checking account households grew by 96 thousand households, or 8%, over the last year. Commercial relationships grew at a rate of 6% and have increased by 9 thousand commercial customers since 2012. Our “Fair Play” philosophy, combined with continued OCR success, positively impacted results in 2013.

Economy

The environment in 2013 was different than we thought it would be when we started the year, as the economic, interest rate, and political environments were more challenging. Currently, we are seeing good momentum going into 2014, as customers seem to have a slightly better mindset as the political environment seems to be less of an issue and the general economic outlook is more positive as evidenced by the following:

 

   

Although slower than the national growth rate of 1.74%, aggregate employment growth in our footprint states remained positive at 0.89% over the 12 month period ended October 2013.

 

 

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According to the Philadelphia FRB Coincident Economic Activity Index, Michigan, Indiana, and Ohio outperformed the nation in the economic recovery to date and prospects for growth over the next six months appear positive.

 

   

Industrial vacancy rates have shown declining trends in our large footprint MSAs.

 

   

Consistent with long-term trends, housing prices have been rising broadly across our footprint over 2013 and have tended to be more stable than the national average.

Legislative and Regulatory

A comprehensive discussion of legislative and regulatory matters affecting us can be found in the Regulatory Matters section included in Item 1 of this Form 10-K.

2014 Expectations

Net interest income is expected to moderately increase. We anticipate an increase in earning assets as total loans moderately grow and investment securities remain near current levels. However, those benefits to net interest income are expected to be mostly offset by continued downward pressure on NIM. While we are maintaining a disciplined approach to loan pricing, asset yields remain under pressure but the continued opportunity of deposit repricing remains, albeit closer to current levels.

The C&I portfolio is expected to grow consistent with the anticipated increase in customer activity. Our C&I loan pipeline remains robust with much of this reflecting the positive impact from our investments in specialized commercial verticals, automotive dealer relationships, focused OCR sales process, and continued support of middle market and small business lending. Automobile loan originations remain strong, and we currently do not anticipate any automobile securitizations in the near future. Residential mortgages, home equity, and CRE loan balances are expected to increase modestly.

We anticipate the increase in total loans will modestly outpace growth in total deposits. This reflects our continued focus on the overall cost of funds, through the issuance of long-term debt, as well as the continued shift towards low- and no-cost demand deposits and money market deposit accounts.

Noninterest income, excluding the impact of any net MSR activity, is expected to be slightly lower than recent levels, due to the anticipated decline in mortgage banking revenues and the continued refinement of products under our Fair Play philosophy.

Noninterest expense, excluding the net $10 million of benefit from Significant Items we experienced in 2013, is expected to remain around current levels. We are committed to delivering positive operating leverage for the 2014 full year.

NPAs are expected to show continued improvement. This year, NCOs represented the mid-point of our expected normalized range of 35 to 55 basis points. The level of provision for credit losses was below our long-term expectation, and we continue to expect moderate quarterly volatility.

The effective tax rate for 2014 is expected to be in the range of 25% to 28%, primarily reflecting the impacts of tax-exempt income, tax-advantaged investments, and general business credits.

 

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Table 2—Selected Annual Income Statements (1)

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
            Change from 2012           Change from 2011        

(dollar amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)

   2013      Amount     Percent     2012     Amount     Percent     2011  

Interest income

   $ 1,860,637      $ (69,626     (4 )%    $ 1,930,263     $ (39,963     (2 )%   $ 1,970,226  

Interest expense

     156,029        (63,710     (29     219,739       (121,317     (36     341,056  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net interest income

     1,704,608        (5,916     —          1,710,524       81,354       5       1,629,170  

Provision for credit losses

     90,045        (57,343     (39     147,388       (26,671     (15     174,059  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net interest income after provision for credit losses

     1,614,563        51,427       3       1,563,136       108,025       7       1,455,111  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Service charges on deposit accounts

     271,802        9,623       4       262,179       18,672       8       243,507  

Mortgage banking income

     126,855        (64,237     (34     191,092       107,684       129       83,408  

Trust services

     123,007        1,110       1       121,897       2,515       2       119,382  

Electronic banking

     92,591        10,301       13       82,290       (29,407     (26     111,697  

Insurance income

     69,264        (2,055     (3     71,319       1,849       3       69,470  

Brokerage income

     69,189        (3,037     (4     72,226       (8,141     (10     80,367  

Bank owned life insurance income

     56,419        377       1       56,042       (6,294     (10     62,336  

Capital markets fees

     45,220        (2,940     (6     48,160       11,620       32       36,540  

Gain on sale of loans

     18,171        (40,011     (69     58,182       26,238       82       31,944  

Securities gains (losses)

     418        (4,351     (91     4,769       8,450       N.R.       (3,681

Other income

     125,059        (4,642     (4     129,701       (15,952     (11     145,653  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total noninterest income

     997,995        (99,862     (9     1,097,857       117,234       12       980,623  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Personnel costs

     1,001,637        13,444       1       988,193       95,659       11       892,534  

Outside data processing and other services

     199,547        9,292       5       190,255       1,081       1       189,174  

Net occupancy

     125,344        14,184       13       111,160       2,031       2       109,129  

Equipment

     106,793        3,846       4       102,947       10,403       11       92,544  

Marketing

     51,185        (13,078     (20     64,263       (1,297     (2     65,560  

Deposit and other insurance expense

     50,161        (18,169     (27     68,330       (9,362     (12     77,692  

Amortization of intangibles

     41,364        (5,185     (11     46,549       (6,769     (13     53,318  

Professional services

     40,587        (25,171     (38     65,758       (2,858     (4     68,616  

Gain on early extinguishment of debt

     —           798       N.R       (798     8,899       (92     (9,697

Other expense

     141,385        (57,834     (29     199,219       9,589       5       189,630  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total noninterest expense

     1,758,003        (77,873     (4     1,835,876       107,376       6       1,728,500  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income before income taxes

     854,555        29,438       4       825,117       117,883       17       707,234  

Provision for income taxes

     215,814        31,719       17       184,095       19,474       12       164,621  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

   $ 638,741      $ (2,281       $ 641,022     $ 98,409       18 %   $ 542,613  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Dividends on preferred shares

     31,869        (120     —          31,989       1,176       4       30,813  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income applicable to common shares

   $ 606,872      $ (2,161       $ 609,033     $ 97,233       19 %   $ 511,800  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Average common shares—basic

     834,205        (23,757     (3 )%      857,962       (5,729     (1 )%     863,691  

Average common shares—diluted (2)

     843,974        (19,428     (2     863,402       (4,222     —          867,624  

Per common share:

               

Net income—basic

   $ 0.73      $ 0.02       3   $ 0.71     $ 0.12       20 %   $ 0.59  

Net income—diluted

     0.72        0.01       1       0.71       0.12       20       0.59  

Cash dividends declared

     0.19        0.03       19       0.16       0.06       60       0.10  

Revenue—FTE

               

Net interest income

   $ 1,704,608      $ (5,916       $ 1,710,524     $ 81,354       5 %   $ 1,629,170  

FTE adjustment

     27,340        6,934       34       20,406       5,490       37       14,916  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net interest income (3)

     1,731,948        1,018       —          1,730,930       86,844       5       1,644,086  

Noninterest income

     997,995        (99,862     (9     1,097,857       117,234       12       980,623  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenue (3)

   $ 2,729,943      $ (98,844     (3 )%    $ 2,828,787     $ 204,078       8 %   $ 2,624,709  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

N.R. — Not relevant, as denominator of calculation is a loss in prior period compared with income in current period.

(1)  

Comparisons for presented periods are impacted by a number of factors. Refer to “Significant Items”.

(2)  

Net income excluding expense for amortization of intangibles for the period divided by average tangible common shareholders’ equity. Average tangible common shareholders’ equity equals average total common shareholders’ equity less average intangible assets and goodwill. Expense for amortization of intangibles and average intangible assets are net of deferred tax liability, and calculated assuming a 35% tax rate.

(3)  

On a fully-taxable equivalent (FTE) basis assuming a 35% tax rate.

 

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DISCUSSION OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

This section provides a review of financial performance from a consolidated perspective. It also includes a Significant Items section that summarizes key issues important for a complete understanding of performance trends. Key consolidated balance sheet and income statement trends are discussed. All earnings per share data is reported on a diluted basis. For additional insight on financial performance, please read this section in conjunction with the Business Segment Discussion.

Significant Items

Definition of Significant Items

From time-to-time, revenue, expenses, or taxes, are impacted by items judged by us to be outside of ordinary banking activities and / or by items that, while they may be associated with ordinary banking activities, are so unusually large that their outsized impact is believed by us at that time to be infrequent or short-term in nature. We refer to such items as Significant Items. Most often, these Significant Items result from factors originating outside the company; e.g., regulatory actions / assessments, windfall gains, changes in accounting principles, one-time tax assessments / refunds, litigation actions, etc. In other cases they may result from our decisions associated with significant corporate actions out of the ordinary course of business; e.g., merger / restructuring charges, recapitalization actions, goodwill impairment, etc.

Even though certain revenue and expense items are naturally subject to more volatility than others due to changes in market and economic environment conditions, as a general rule volatility alone does not define a Significant Item. For example, changes in the provision for credit losses, gains / losses from investment activities, asset valuation writedowns, etc., reflect ordinary banking activities and are, therefore, typically excluded from consideration as a Significant Item.

We believe the disclosure of Significant Items provides a better understanding of our performance and trends to ascertain which of such items, if any, to include or exclude from an analysis of our performance; i.e., within the context of determining how that performance differed from expectations, as well as how, if at all, to adjust estimates of future performance accordingly. To this end, we adopted a practice of listing Significant Items in our external disclosure documents; e.g., earnings press releases, investor presentations, Forms 10-Q and 10-K.

Significant Items for any particular period are not intended to be a complete list of items that may materially impact current or future period performance.

Significant Items Influencing Financial Performance Comparisons

Earnings comparisons among the three years ended December 31, 2013, 2012, and 2011 were impacted by a number of Significant Items summarized below.

 

  1. Pension Curtailment Gain. During the 2013 third quarter, a $33.9 million pension curtailment gain was recorded in personnel costs. This resulted in a positive impact of $0.03 per common share for 2013.

 

  2. Franchise Repositioning Related Expense. During 2013, $23.5 million of franchise repositioning related expense was recorded. This resulted in a negative impact of $0.02 per common share for 2013.

 

  3. State deferred tax asset valuation allowance adjustment. During 2012, a valuation allowance of $21.3 million (net of tax) was released for the portion of the deferred tax asset and state net operating loss carryforwards expected to be realized. This resulted in a positive impact of $0.02 per common share for 2012. Additional information can be found in the Provision for Income Taxes section within this MD&A.

 

  4. Bargain Purchase Gain. During 2012, an $11.2 million bargain purchase gain associated with the FDIC-assisted Fidelity Bank acquisition was recorded in noninterest income. This resulted in a positive impact of $0.01 per common share for 2012.

 

  5. Litigation Reserve. $23.5 million and $17.0 million of additions to litigation reserves were recorded as other noninterest expense in 2012 and 2011, respectively. This resulted in a negative impact of $0.02 per common share in 2012 and $0.01 per common share in 2011.

 

  6.

Visa ® . Prior to the Visa ® IPO occurring in March 2008, Visa ® was owned by its member banks, which included the Bank. As a result of this ownership, we received Class B shares of Visa ® stock at the time of the Visa ® IPO. In 2009, we sold these Visa ® stock shares, resulting in a $31.4 million pretax gain ($.04 per common share). This amount was recorded to noninterest income. In 2011, a $6.4 million derivative loss due to an increase in the liability associated with the sale of these shares was recorded to noninterest income.

 

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  7. Early Extinguishment of Debt. The positive impact relating to the early extinguishment of debt on our reported results was $9.7 million ($0.01 per common share) in 2011.

The following table reflects the earnings impact of the above-mentioned Significant Items for periods affected by this Results of Operations discussion:

Table 3—Significant Items Influencing Earnings Performance Comparison (1) 

 

     2013     2012     2011  

(dollar amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)

   After-tax     EPS     After-tax     EPS     After-tax     EPS  

Net income —GAAP

   $ 638,741       $ 641,022       $ 542,613    

Earnings per share, after-tax

  

    0.72         0.71         0.59  

Significant items—favorable (unfavorable) impact:

   Earnings (2)     EPS (3)(4)     Earnings (2)     EPS (3)(4)     Earnings (2)     EPS (3)(4)  

Pension curtailment gain

   $ 33,926     $ 0.03     $ —        $ —        $ —        $ —     

Franchise repositioning related expense

     (23,461     (0.02     —          —          —          —     

State deferred tax asset valuation allowance adjustment (4)

     —          —          21,251       0.02       —          —     

Bargain purchase gain

     —          —          11,217       0.01       —          —     

Litigation reserves addition

     —          —          (23,500     (0.02     (17,028     (0.01

Visa ® -related derivative loss

     —          —          —          —          (6,385     —     

Gain on early extinguishment of debt

     —          —          —          —          9,697       0.01  

(1) See Significant Items Influencing Financial Performance discussion.

(2) Pretax unless otherwise noted.

(3) Based upon the annual average outstanding diluted common shares.

(4) After-tax.

Net Interest Income / Average Balance Sheet

Our primary source of revenue is net interest income, which is the difference between interest income from earning assets (primarily loans, securities, and direct financing leases), and interest expense of funding sources (primarily interest-bearing deposits and borrowings). Earning asset balances and related funding sources, as well as changes in the levels of interest rates, impact net interest income. The difference between the average yield on earning assets and the average rate paid for interest-bearing liabilities is the net interest spread. Noninterest-bearing sources of funds, such as demand deposits and shareholders’ equity, also support earning assets. The impact of the noninterest-bearing sources of funds, often referred to as “free” funds, is captured in the net interest margin, which is calculated as net interest income divided by average earning assets. Both the net interest margin and net interest spread are presented on a fully-taxable equivalent basis, which means that tax-free interest income has been adjusted to a pretax equivalent income, assuming a 35% tax rate.

 

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The following table shows changes in fully-taxable equivalent interest income, interest expense, and net interest income due to volume and rate variances for major categories of earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities:

Table 4—Change in Net Interest Income Due to Changes in Average Volume and Interest Rates (1)

 

       2013     2012  
     Increase (Decrease) From
Previous Year Due To
    Increase (Decrease) From
Previous Year Due To
 

Fully-taxable equivalent basis (2)

(dollar amounts in millions)

   Volume     Yield/
Rate
    Total     Volume     Yield/
Rate
    Total  

Loans and direct financing leases

   $ 66.1     $ (108.7   $ (42.6   $ 58.6     $ (105.6   $ (47.0

Investment securities

     (3.7     2.0       (1.7     1.9       (2.1     (0.2

Other earning assets

     (16.8     (1.7     (18.5     24.2       (11.5     12.7  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total interest income from earning assets

     45.6       (108.4     (62.8     84.7       (119.2     (34.5
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Deposits

     1.0       (46.9     (45.9     (3.0     (94.8     (97.8

Short-term borrowings

     (0.7     (0.6     (1.3     (1.2     (0.3     (1.5

Federal Home Loan Bank advances

     0.8       (0.5     0.3       0.8       (0.8     —     

Subordinated notes and other long-term debt, including capital securities

     (8.3     (8.6     (16.9     (32.0     10.0       (22.0
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total interest expense of interest-bearing liabilities

     (7.2     (56.6     (63.8     (35.4     (85.9     (121.3
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net interest income

   $ 52.8     $ (51.8   $ 1.0     $ 120.1     $ (33.3   $ 86.8  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1)  

The change in interest rates due to both rate and volume has been allocated between the factors in proportion to the relationship of the absolute dollar amounts of the change in each

(2)  

Calculated assuming a 35% tax rate.

 

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Table 5—Consolidated Average Balance Sheet and Net Interest Margin Analysis

 

     Average Balances  
Fully-taxable equivalent basis (1)          Change from 2012           Change from 2011        

(dollar amounts in millions)

   2013     Amount     Percent     2012     Amount     Percent     2011  

Assets

              

Interest-bearing deposits in banks

   $ 70     $ (25     (26 )%   $ 95     $ (38     (29 )%   $ 133  

Federal funds sold and securities purchased under resale agreement

     —          —          —          —          (5     (100     5  

Loans held for sale

     521       (566     (52     1,087       799       277       288  

Available-for-sale and other securities:

              

Taxable

     6,383       (1,515     (19     7,898       (473     (6     8,371  

Tax-exempt

     563       136       32       427       (1     —          428  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total available-for-sale and other securities

     6,946       (1,379     (17     8,325       (474     (5     8,799  

Trading account securities

     80       13       19       67       (40     (37     107  

Held-to-maturity securities—taxable

     2,155       1,230       133       925       550       147       375  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total securities

     9,181       (136     (1     9,317       36       —          9,281  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Loans and leases: (3)

              

Commercial:

              

Commercial and industrial

     17,174       1,230       8       15,944       2,347       17       13,597  

Commercial real estate:

              

Construction

     580       (2     —          582       (10     (2     592  

Commercial

     4,449       (749     (14     5,198       (415     (7     5,613  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Commercial real estate

     5,029       (751     (13     5,780       (425     (7     6,205  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total commercial

     22,203       479       2       21,724       1,922       10       19,802  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Consumer:

              

Automobile loans and leases

     5,679       1,153       25       4,526       (1,351     (23     5,877  

Home equity

     8,310       (5     —          8,315       375       5       7,940  

Residential mortgage

     5,198       8       —          5,190       473       10       4,717  

Other consumer

     436       (19     (4     455       (76     (14     531  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total consumer

     19,623       1,137       6       18,486       (579     (3     19,065  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total loans and leases

     41,826       1,616       4       40,210       1,343       3       38,867  

Allowance for loan and lease losses

     (725     151       (17     (876     233       (21     (1,109
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net loans and leases

     41,101       1,767       4       39,334       1,576       4       37,758  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total earning assets

     51,598       889       2       50,709       2,135       4       48,574  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and due from banks

     908       (182     (17     1,090       (346     (24     1,436  

Intangible assets

     557       (43     (7     600       (45     (7     645  

All other assets

     3,961       (190     (5     4,151       (53     (1     4,204  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 56,299     $ 625       1 %   $ 55,674     $ 1,924       4 %   $ 53,750  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity

              

Deposits:

              

Demand deposits—noninterest-bearing

   $ 12,871     $ 671       6 %   $ 12,200     $ 3,547       41 %   $ 8,653  

Demand deposits—interest-bearing

     5,855       44       1       5,811       294       5       5,517  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total demand deposits

     18,726       715       4       18,011       3,841       27       14,170  

Money market deposits

     15,675       1,774       13       13,901       579       4       13,322  

Savings and other domestic deposits

     5,029       96       2       4,933       198       4       4,735  

Core certificates of deposit

     4,549       (1,672     (27     6,221       (1,481     (19     7,702  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total core deposits

     43,979       913       2       43,066       3,137       8       39,929  

Other domestic time deposits of $250,000 or more

     306       (20     (6     326       (139     (30     465  

Brokered time deposits and negotiable CDs

     1,606       16       1       1,590       168       12       1,422  

Deposits in foreign offices

     346       (26     (7     372       (17     (4     389  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total deposits

     46,237       883       2       45,354       3,149       7       42,205  

Short-term borrowings

     700       (610     (47     1,310       (745     (36     2,055  

Federal Home Loan Bank advances

     711       413       139       298       187       168       111  

Subordinated notes and other long-term debt

     1,662       (314     (16     1,976       (1,189     (38     3,165  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total interest-bearing liabilities

     36,439       (299     (1     36,738       (2,145     (6     38,883  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

All other liabilities

     1,074       9       1       1,065       89       9       976  

Shareholders’ equity

     5,915       244       4       5,671       433       8       5,238  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

   $ 56,299     $ 625       1 %   $ 55,674     $ 1,924       4 %   $ 53,750  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Continued

 

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Table 6—Consolidated Average Balance Sheet and Net Interest Margin Analysis (Continued)

 

Fully-taxable equivalent basis (1)    Interest Income / Expense     Average Rate (2)  

(dollar amounts in millions)

   2013      2012     2011     2013     2012     2011  

Assets

             

Interest-bearing deposits in banks

   $ 0.1      $ 0.2     $ 0.1       0.15 %     0.21 %     0.11 %

Federal funds sold and securities purchased under resale agreement

     —          —         —         —          0.29       0.09  

Loans held for sale

     18.9        36.8       12.3       3.63       3.38       4.27  

Available-for-sale and other securities:

             

Taxable

     148.6        184.3       208.0       2.33       2.33       2.48  

Tax-exempt

     25.7        17.7       18.3       4.56       4.14       4.28  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total available-for-sale and other securities

     174.2        202.0       226.3       2.51       2.43       2.57  

Trading account securities

     0.4        0.9       1.5       0.44       1.27       1.37  

Held-to-maturity securities—taxable

     50.2        24.1       11.2       2.33       2.60       2.99  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total securities

     224.8        226.9       239.0       2.45       2.43       2.57  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Loans and leases: (3)

             

Commercial:

             

Commercial and industrial

     643.7        639.5       585.6       3.75       4.01       4.31  

Commercial real estate:

             

Construction

     23.4        22.9       23.0       4.04       3.93       3.88  

Commercial

     182.6        208.6       222.7       4.11       4.01       3.97  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Commercial real estate

     206.1        231.5       245.7       4.10       4.00       3.96  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total commercial

     849.8        871.0       831.3       3.83       4.01       4.20  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Consumer:

             

Automobile loans and leases

     221.5        214.1       293.2       3.90       4.73       4.99  

Home equity

     345.4        355.9       355.0       4.16       4.28       4.47  

Residential mortgage

     199.6        212.7       213.6       3.84       4.10       4.53  

Other consumer

     27.9        33.3       40.6       6.41       7.31       7.63  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total consumer

     794.4        815.9       902.4       4.05       4.41       4.73  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total loans and leases

     1,644.2        1,686.8       1,733.7       3.93       4.19       4.46  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total earning assets

   $ 1,888.0       $ 1,950.7      $ 1,985.1        3.66     3.85     4.09  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity Deposits:

             

Demand deposits—noninterest-bearing

   $ —         $ —        $ —          %       %       %  

Demand deposits—interest-bearing

     2.5        3.6       5.1       0.04       0.06       0.09  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total demand deposits

     2.5        3.6       5.1       0.01       0.02       0.04  

Money market deposits

     38.8        40.2       54.3       0.25       0.29       0.41  

Savings and other domestic deposits

     13.3        18.9       32.7       0.26       0.38       0.69  

Core certificates of deposit

     50.5        85.0       150.0       1.11       1.37       1.95  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total core deposits

     105.2        147.7       242.2       0.34       0.48       0.77  

Other domestic time deposits of $250,000 or more

     1.4        2.1       4.5       0.47       0.66       0.97  

Brokered time deposits and negotiable CDs

     9.1        11.7       12.5       0.57       0.74       0.88  

Deposits in foreign offices

     0.5        0.7       0.9       0.15       0.18       0.23  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total deposits

     116.2        162.2       260.1       0.35       0.49       0.78  

Short-term borrowings

     0.7        2.0       3.5       0.10       0.16       0.17  

Federal Home Loan Bank advances

     1.1        0.8       0.8       0.15       0.28       0.74  

Subordinated notes and other long-term debt

     38.0        54.7       76.7       2.29       2.77       2.42  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total interest-bearing liabilities

     156.0         219.7        341.1        0.43        0.60        0.88   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net interest income

   $ 1,731.9      $ 1,730.9     $ 1,644.1        
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

       

Net interest rate spread

            3.23       3.25       3.21  

Impact of noninterest-bearing funds on margin

            0.13       0.16       0.18  
         

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net interest margin

            3.36 %     3.41 %     3.38 %
         

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1)  

FTE yields are calculated assuming a 35% tax rate.

(2)  

Loan and lease and deposit average rates include impact of applicable derivatives, non-deferrable fees, and amortized fees.

(3)  

For purposes of this analysis, nonaccrual loans are reflected in the average balances of loans.

 

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Table of Contents

2013 vs. 2012

Fully-taxable equivalent net interest income for 2013 increased $1.0 million, or less than 1%, from 2012. This reflected the impact of 4% loan growth, a 5 basis point decrease in the NIM to 3.36%, as well as a 7% reduction in other earnings assets, the majority of which were loans held for sale. The primary items impacting the decrease in the NIM were:

 

   

19 basis point negative impact from the mix and yield of earning assets primarily reflecting a decrease in consumer loan yields.

 

   

3 basis point decrease in the benefit to the margin of non-interest bearing funds, reflecting lower interest rates on total interest bearing liabilities from the prior year.

Partially offset by:

 

   

14 basis point positive impact from the mix and yield of deposits reflecting the strategic focus on changing the funding sources from higher rate time deposits to no-cost demand deposits and low-cost money market deposits.

 

   

3 basis point positive impact from noncore funding primarily reflecting lower debt costs.

Average earning assets increased $0.9 billion, or 2%, from the prior year, driven by:

 

   

$1.2 billion, or 8%, increase in average C&I loans and leases. This reflected the continued growth within the middle market healthcare vertical, equipment finance, and dealer floorplan.

 

   

$1.2 billion, or 25%, increase in average on balance sheet automobile loans, as the growth in originations, while below industry levels, remained strong and our investments in the Northeast and upper Midwest continued to grow as planned.

Partially offset by:

 

   

$0.8 billion, or 13%, decrease in average CRE loans, as acceptable returns for new originations were balanced against internal concentration limits and increased competition for projects sponsored by high quality developers.

 

   

$0.6 billion, or 52%, decrease in loans held-for-sale reflecting the impact of automobile loan securitizations completed in 2012.

While there was minimal impact on the full-year average balance sheet, $1.9 billion of net investment securities were purchased during the 2013 fourth quarter. Our investment securities portfolio is evaluated under established asset/liability management objectives. Additionally, $0.6 billion of direct purchase municipal instruments were reclassified on December 31, 2013 from C&I loans to available-for-sale securities.

Average noninterest bearing deposits increased $0.7 billion, or 6%, while average interest-bearing liabilities decreased $0.3 billion, or 1%, from 2012, primarily reflecting:

 

   

$1.7 billion, or 27%, decrease in average core certificates of deposit due to the strategic focus on changing the funding sources to no-cost demand deposits and low-cost money market deposits.

 

   

$0.6 billion, or 47%, decrease in short-term borrowings due to a focused effort to reduce collateralized deposits.

Partially offset by:

 

   

$1.8 billion, or 13%, increase in money market deposits reflecting the strategic focus on customer growth and increased share of wallet among both consumer and commercial customers.

While there was minimal impact on the full-year average balance sheet, average subordinated notes and other long-term debt reflect the issuance of $0.5 billion and $0.8 billion of long-term debt in the 2013 fourth quarter and the 2013 third quarter, respectively.

 

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Table of Contents

2012 vs. 2011

Fully-taxable equivalent net interest income for 2012 increased $86.8 million, or 5%, from 2011. This reflected the favorable impact of a $2.1 billion, or 4%, increase in average earning assets, partially offset by a 3 basis point decline in the net interest margin.

The increase in average earning assets reflected:

 

   

$1.9 billion, or 10%, increase in average commercial loans and leases.

 

   

$0.8 billion, or 277% increase in average loans held for sale.

Partially offset by:

 

   

$0.6 billion, or 3% decrease in average consumer loans including a $1.4 billion, or 23%, decrease in automobile loans, reflecting $2.5 billion of automobile loans sold throughout the year.

The 3 basis point increase in the FTE net interest margin reflected:

 

   

The positive impact of a 29 basis point decline in total deposit costs.

Partially offset by:

 

   

24 basis point declines in the yield on earnings assets and a 2 basis point decrease related to non-deposit funding and other items.

The $3.1 billion, or 8%, increase in average total core deposits from the prior year reflected:

 

   

$3.8 billion, or 27%, increase in total demand deposits.

 

   

$0.6 billion, or 4%, increase in money market deposits.

Partially offset by:

 

   

$1.5 billion, or 19%, decrease in core certificates of deposits.

Provision for Credit Losses

(This section should be read in conjunction with the Credit Risk section.)

The provision for credit losses is the expense necessary to maintain the ALLL and the AULC at levels appropriate to absorb our estimate of inherent credit losses in the loan and lease portfolio and the portfolio of unfunded loan commitments and letters-of-credit.

The provision for credit losses in 2013 was $90.0 million, down $57.3 million, or 39%, from 2012, reflecting a $153.8 million, or 45%, decrease in NCOs. The provision for credit losses in 2013 was $98.6 million less than total NCOs. In addition, as a result of a review of the existing consumer portfolios, 2013 also includes $22.8 million of Chapter 7 bankruptcy-related losses that were not identified in the 2012 third quarter implementation of the OCC’s regulatory guidance. (see Credit Quality discussion)

Noninterest Income

(This section should be read in conjunction with Significant Items 4 and 6.)

The following table reflects noninterest income for the past three years:

Table 7—Noninterest Income

 

     Twelve Months Ended December 31,  
            Change from 2012            Change from 2011        

(dollar amounts in thousands)

   2013      Amount     Percent     2012      Amount     Percent     2011  

Service charges on deposit accounts

   $ 271,802      $ 9,623       4 %   $ 262,179      $ 18,672       8 %   $ 243,507  

Mortgage banking income

     126,855        (64,237     (34     191,092        107,684       129       83,408  

Trust services

     123,007        1,110       1       121,897        2,515       2       119,382  

Electronic banking

     92,591        10,301       13       82,290        (29,407     (26     111,697  

Insurance income

     69,264        (2,055     (3     71,319        1,849       3       69,470  

Brokerage income

     69,189        (3,037     (4     72,226        (8,141     (10     80,367  

Bank owned life insurance income

     56,419        377       1       56,042        (6,294     (10     62,336  

Capital markets fees

     45,220        (2,940     (6     48,160        11,620       32       36,540  

Gain on sale of loans

     18,171        (40,011     (69     58,182        26,238       82       31,944  

Securities gains (losses)

     418        (4,351     (91     4,769        8,450       N.R.       (3,681

Other income

     125,059        (4,642     (4     129,701        (15,952     (11     145,653  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total noninterest income

   $ 997,995      $ (99,862     (9 )%   $ 1,097,857      $ 117,234       12 %   $ 980,623  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

N.R.—Not relevant, as denominator of calculation is a loss in prior period compared with income in current period.

 

34


Table of Contents

2013 vs. 2012

Noninterest income decreased $99.9 million, or 9%, from the prior year, primarily reflecting:

 

   

$64.2 million, or 34%, decrease in mortgage banking income primarily driven by 9% reduction in volume, lower gain on sale margin, and a higher percentage of originations held on the balance sheet.

 

   

$40.0 million, or 69%, decrease in gain on sale of loans as no auto loan securitizations occurred in 2013 compared to $2.3 billion of auto loan securitizations in 2012.

 

   

$4.6 million, or 4%, decrease in other income as the prior year included an $11.2 million bargain purchase gain associated with the FDIC-assisted Fidelity Bank acquisition partially offset by an increase in fees associated with commercial loan activity.

 

   

$4.4 million, or 91%, decrease in securities gains as the prior year had certain securities designated as available-for-sale that were sold and the proceeds from those sales were reinvested into the held-to-maturity portfolio.

Partially offset by:

 

   

$10.3 million, or 13%, increase in electronic banking income due to continued consumer household growth.

 

   

$9.6 million, or 4%, increase in service charges on deposit accounts reflecting 8% consumer household and 6% commercial relationship growth and changing customer usage patterns. This more than offset the approximately $28.0 million negative impact of the February 2013 implementation of a new posting order for consumer transaction accounts.

2012 vs. 2011

Noninterest income increased $117.2 million, or 12%, from the prior year, primarily reflecting:

 

   

$107.7 million, or 129%, increase in mortgage banking income. This primarily reflected a $78.6 million increase in origination and secondary marketing income. Additionally, we recorded a $14.3 million net trading gain related to MSR hedging in 2012 compared to a net trading loss related to MSR hedging of $11.9 million in 2011.

 

   

$26.2 million, or 82%, increase in gain on sale of loans.

 

   

$18.7 million, or 8%, increase in service charges on deposits, due to continued strong customer growth.

 

   

$11.6 million, or 32%, increase in capital market fees primarily reflecting strong customer demand for derivatives and other risk management products.

Partially offset by:

 

   

$29.4 million, or 26%, decrease in electronic banking income related to implementing the lower debit card interchange fee structure mandated in the Durbin Amendment of the Dodd-Frank Act.

 

   

$16.0 million, or 11%, decrease in other income, primarily related to a decrease in automobile operating lease income and partially offset by the bargain purchase gain from the Fidelity Bank acquisition.

 

35


Table of Contents

Noninterest Expense

(This section should be read in conjunction with Significant Items 1, 2, 5, and 7.)

The following table reflects noninterest expense for the past three years:

Table 8—Noninterest Expense

 

     Twelve Months Ended December 31,  
            Change from 2012           Change from 2011        

(dollar amounts in thousands)

   2013      Amount     Percent     2012     Amount     Percent     2011  

Personnel costs

   $ 1,001,637      $ 13,444       1 %   $ 988,193$       95,659       11 %   $ 892,534  

Outside data processing and other services

     199,547        9,292       5       190,255       1,081       1       189,174  

Net occupancy

     125,344        14,184       13       111,160       2,031       2       109,129  

Equipment

     106,793        3,846       4       102,947       10,403       11       92,544  

Marketing

     51,185        (13,078     (20     64,263       (1,297     (2     65,560  

Deposit and other insurance expense

     50,161        (18,169     (27     68,330       (9,362     (12     77,692  

Amortization of intangibles

     41,364        (5,185     (11     46,549       (6,769     (13     53,318